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sadness

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Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2018; 355540–560 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2018.35.5.540
Published: 01 June 2018
...Niels Chr. Hansen; David Huron Given the extensive instrumental resources afforded by an orchestra, why would a composer elect to feature a single solo instrument? In this study we explore one possible use of solos—that of conveying or enhancing a sad affect. Orchestral passages were identified...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2018; 354502–517 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2018.35.4.502
Published: 01 April 2018
...Antje Bullack; Niklas Büdenbender; Ingo Roden; Gunter Kreutz Lundqvist, Carlsson, Hilmersson, and Juslin (2009) presented evidence of differential autonomic emotional responses to “happy” and “sad” music in healthy adult listeners. The present study sought to replicate and extend these findings by...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2012; 293311–317 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2012.29.3.311
Published: 01 February 2012
...Jonna K. Vuoskoski; William F. Thompson; Doris McIlwain; Tuomas Eerola although people generally avoid negative emotional experiences in general, they often enjoy sadness portrayed in music and other arts. The present study investigated what kinds of subjective emotional experiences are induced in...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2018; 36153–59 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2018.36.1.53
Published: 01 September 2018
...Ronald S. Friedman A ccording to J uslin (2001), final ritardandi constitute part of the acoustic code employed by musicians to communicate two distinct emotional states: sadness and tenderness. To test this proposition, in two experiments, participants were exposed to a set of hymns that were...
Includes: Multimedia, Supplementary data
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2018; 354518–523 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2018.35.4.518
Published: 01 April 2018
...Ronald S. Friedman; W. Trammell Neill; George A. Seror, III; Abigail L. Kleinsmith Prior research has amply documented that happy music tends to be faster, louder, higher in average pitch, more variable in pitch, and more staccato in articulation, whereas sad music tends to be slower, lower, less...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2019; 372147–164 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2019.37.2.147
Published: 01 December 2019
... a satisfactory partition requires these EMTs to be organized in four clusters (whose centroids are associated with tenderness, happiness, anger, and sadness) located in the four quarters of the valence-arousal plane of the circumplex model of affect developed by Russell (1980) . In terms of the...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2015; 324313–321 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2015.32.4.313
Published: 01 April 2015
...Sandra Garrido; Emery Schubert Depression is often associated with a reduced motivation to engage in behavior that will improve one’s mood. This paper presents a study in which 175 university students listened to a self-selected piece of music on Youtube that made them sad. Post- and pre-listening...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2018; 362243–249 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2018.36.2.243
Published: 01 December 2018
.... A “mode” was established by a continuous drone note lower than the melody. Subjects rated mood (happy versus sad) and tension of each pseudo-melody. Consistent with Temperley and Tan (2013) —in which multiple structural cues were present—different modes produced reliable differences in judged mood...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2014; 322125–142 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2014.32.2.125
Published: 01 December 2014
..., sadness, and fear/threat. Participants rated how much each excerpt expressed the four emotions on 10-point scales. The intended emotions were consistently perceived, but responses varied across groups. Advancing age was associated with selective decrements in the recognition of sadness and fear/threat, a...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2014; 322143–159 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2014.32.2.143
Published: 01 December 2014
... representing conditions of one, two, three, or four concurrent musical voices. Two basic emotions (happiness and sadness) and two social emotions (pride and loneliness) were rated on a continuous scale. Listeners rated excerpts with higher voice multiplicity as sounding more happy, less sad, less lonely, and...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2017; 343253–266 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2017.34.3.253
Published: 01 February 2017
... these individual characteristics and the ability of participants to recognize five basic emotions (happiness, sadness, tenderness, fear, and anger) conveyed by validated excerpts of film music. One hundred and twenty participants were recruited through an online platform and completed an emotion...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2013; 304361–367 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2013.30.4.361
Published: 01 April 2013
... performance sung with different emotional intentions (happy, neutral, and sad). Audio-visual presentations successfully elicited facial mimicry in observers that were congruent with the performer’s intended emotions. Happy singing performances elicited increased activity in the zygomaticus major muscle region...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2016; 334472–492 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2016.33.4.472
Published: 01 April 2016
... words “happy,” “sad,” “angry,” or “relaxed” on the Last.FM web site. Participants listened to the excerpts and rated perceived and induced emotion on the categorical model and dimensional model, and the reliability of emotion tags was evaluated according to participants’ agreement with corresponding...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2007; 245433–454 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2007.24.5.433
Published: 01 June 2007
... emotional intentions Happy, Sad, Angry, and Fearful. In the first experiment participants rated emotional expression and movement character of marimba performances. The results showed that the intentions Happiness, Sadness, and Anger were well communicated, whereas Fear was not. Showing selected parts of...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2020; 375373–391 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2020.37.5.373
Published: 10 June 2020
... perceived emotional expression within an unconventional tuning system . Music Perception , 35 , 518 – 523 . Gagnon , L. , & Peretz , I. ( 2003 ). Mode and tempo relative contributions to “happy-sad” judgements in equitone music . Cognition and Emotion , 17 , 25 – 40...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2014; 322170–185 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2014.32.2.170
Published: 01 December 2014
..., Transcendence, Wonder, Power, and Tenderness dimensions, only VE predicted Nostalgia and Sadness. Moreover, Peacefulness was mostly predicted by ME, whereas Tension was mostly predicted by VE. © 2014 by The Regents of the University of California 2014 4 7 2013 14 3 2014 Carolina Labbé...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2014; 32133–50 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2014.32.1.33
Published: 01 September 2014
... question. Performers were instructed to do the following: 1) play while focusing on the technical aspects of their playing; 2) give an expressive performance; and 3) focus on their experienced emotions, prior to which they were subjected to a sadness-inducing mood induction task. Performers were...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2020; 374323–338 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2020.37.4.323
Published: 11 March 2020
.... , Eerola , T. , Jacobsen , T. ( 2016 ). It’s sad but I like it: The neural dissociation between musical emotions and liking inexperts and laypersons . Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , 9 , 676 . http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00676 Castro , S. L. , & Lima , C. F...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2020; 373240–258 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2020.37.3.240
Published: 01 February 2020
... results from previous reviews may be due to the inconsistent use of emotion terms throughout the music community. Table 1. Complete List of Emotion Terms in a Review of 306 Studies on Music and Emotion Term Number Term Number Term Number Sad 2013 Scary 12 Comforting...
Journal Articles
Music Perception. 2020; 374298–322 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/mp.2020.37.4.298
Published: 11 March 2020
... attributes of fear, anger, sadness, and joy . Journal of Psycholinguistic Research , 28 ( 4 ), 347 – 365 . https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1023237014909 Soltis , J. ( 2004 ). The signal functions of early infant crying . Behavioral and Brain Sciences , 27 , 443 – 458 . https://doi.org...