Olivier Messiaen's published descriptions of his works and the color labels that appear in certain of his scores show that he is affected by colored-hearing synaesthesia. Because Messiaen's color responses, like those of other synaesthetes, exhibit a high degree of internal consistency, the analyst may tabulate the available correlations between sound and color and use them to explore the various factors, objectively considered, that govern Messiaen's color associations. The importance of absolute pitch and of the modes of limited transposition is studied, as are the conditions under which vertical spacing and pitch-class-set identity may assume primary significance in color delineation. The conclusions reached offer a key to more general matters of structure in Messiaen's music. Examples are drawn from several of Messiaen's works, dating from 1929 to 1974.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
2
Peacock (1985)
The New Oxford Companion to Music, s.v. "Color and Music," p. 426.
3
(Marks, 1978, p. 92).
4
Marks (1978, p. 92)
6
(Technique, Vol. 1, p. 62)
9
Society for Music Theory, Vancouver, November 1985.

References

References
Forte, A. The structure of atonal music. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1973.
Goléa, A. Rencontres avec Olivier Messiaen. Paris: Julliard, 1960.
Griffiths, P. Olivier Messiaen and the music of time. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1985.
Johnson, R. S. Messiaen. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1975.
Marks, L. E. On colored-hearing synaesthesia: Cross-modal translations of sensory dimen- sions. Psychological Bulletin, 1975, 82, 303-331.
Marks, L. E. The unity of the senses: Interrelations among the modalities. New York: Aca- demic Press, 1978.
Messiaen, O. The Technique of my musical language (2 vols.). [John Satterfield, Trans.] Paris: Leduc, 1944.
Messiaen, O. Olivier Messiaen analyse ses oeuvres. In nommage a Ultvter Messiaen: novembre-décembre 1978. Paris: La Recherche artistique, 1979.
Peacock, K. Synaesthetic perception: Alexander Scriabin's color hearing. Music Perception, 1985,2,483-505.
Samuel, C. Conversations with Olivier Messiaen. [Felix Aprahamian, Trans.] London: Stainerôc Bell, 1976.
The New Oxford Companion to Music (2 vols.). Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1983.
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