The Portrait of Don Francisco de Arobe and His Sons, Pedro and Domingo was produced in 1599 in Quito, Ecuador, by native Andean painter Andrés Sánchez Gallque. The painting is among the most impressive produced in Spain’s early modern global empire. It is a triple portrait in the hard style of contemporary Habsburg court portraiture. Across the canvas, highlights are popped and jewellike in the sixteenth-century manner of Mor’s oils, though drapery is intermittently linear and abrupt in the fifteenth-century manner of Schongauer’s woodcuts. From the center of the composition, Francisco de Arobe addresses the viewer. To his sides his sons turn their attention back into the picture. Framing their father, they recess back into the composition’s theatrical machinery. Their symmetrical gazes move across the canvas, cutting up into the picture’s oddly indeterminate cloudscape. A remix of Central European...

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