Art Systems joins a growing group of books focused on postwar Brazilian art by US-based art historians, such as Claudia Calirman’s Brazilian Art under Dictatorship: Antonio Manuel, Artur Barrio, and Cildo Meireles (2012), and Irene Small’s Hélio Oiticica: Folding the Frame (2016). Until the publication of these titles, art historical studies of Latin American art in the United States had focused on two moments of its “modernity”: the colonial period, and the late nineteenth century through the 1920s. Latin American art remained notoriously non-contemporary for the discipline. These books opened a new art historical horizon.

Elena Shtromberg’s analysis stands out in a number of ways. First, the book is not organized...

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