This article examines the administrative takeover of Hà Nội as a Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV) state-making project in the immediate postwar period (1954–1960). This administrative takeover happened in two stages. First, the DRV “grafted” onto the existing structure to ensure that public administration continued to function. Later, the system was slowly transformed as Associated State of Vietnam (ASV) state employees were sidelined and replaced by the DRV’s own personnel. This article argues that the establishment of the DRV administration in Hà Nội, like other state-making projects that took place throughout the northern territory during the 1950s, was a complicated process that required deliberation, adjustment, and coercion.
Guerillas in the City: The Administrative Takeover of Hà Nội and DRV State-Making in the Urban Postwar Period (1954–1960)
Uyen Nguyen is Lecturer at the Department of History, National University of Singapore. She holds a PhD in history from the University of California, Berkeley. This article is based on chapters of her PhD dissertation, titled “Beloved City, Depraved City: Communist Takeovers and Socialist Transformations in North Vietnam’s Cities (1950–1958).” An earlier version of this paper was presented virtually at the “Reconceptualizing the Cold War: On-the-Ground Experiences in Asia” workshop organized by Hajimu Matsuda and Kisho Tsuchiya at the National University of Singapore in September and October 2020. The author would like to thank Peter Zinoman, Wen-hsin Yeh, Karl Britto, Kisho Tsuchiya, Hajimu Matsuda, the editors at JVS, and two anonymous reviewers for their comments, feedback, and support throughout the process of writing and revising this article.
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Uyen Nguyen; Guerillas in the City: The Administrative Takeover of Hà Nội and DRV State-Making in the Urban Postwar Period (1954–1960). Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 February 2022; 17 (1): 1–52. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2022.17.1.1
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