The United States established a consular presence in Hà Nội before World War II. Washington sought to maintain it after the creation of the communist Democratic Republic of Vietnam (DRV, or North Vietnam) in 1954, and managed to do so—in spite of opposition from the North Vietnamese—until December 1955. This article presents the little-known history of America’s diplomatic presence in North Vietnam, while also examining CIA efforts outside the consulate in North Vietnam and the role of Western allies. It provides a more nuanced view than previously available of American-DRV relations in their earliest stages.
To Stay or Not to Stay: The United States Consulate in Hà Nội, 1954–1955
Lori Maguire is full professor of American studies at the University of Reims in France, a member of the editorial board of Cold War History, and a review editor for H-Diplo. Most of her research has been on the political, cultural, and diplomatic history of Britain, France, and the United States, notably with regard to World War II and the Cold War. She is currently working on a book on the British and French consulates in Hà Nội during the Vietnam War, which is based on research in numerous archives in France, the United Kingdom, and the United States—some of them only recently opened. She has published extensively both in French and English.
Lori Maguire; To Stay or Not to Stay: The United States Consulate in Hà Nội, 1954–1955. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 November 2023; 18 (4): 30–70. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2023.18.4.30
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