This article reevaluates the 1789 Tây Sơn victory against Qing forces by focusing on the Lê loyalists throughout the years preceding and following the pivotal battle of January 1789. Drawing from a wide array of Chinese and Vietnamese sources, it highlights the agency of the Lê loyalists and the complexity of Sino-Vietnamese relations in practice, thereby challenging simplistic narratives that pit the South (Vietnam) against the North (China).
The Rise and Fall of a Qing-Lê Alliance, 1788–1804: A Case Study on the Praxis of Sino-Vietnamese Relations
Jaymin Kim is T.T. & W.F. Chao Assistant Professor of Transnational Asian Studies at Rice University. His research focuses on boundaries, jurisdictions, and sovereignties in early modern Asia. The author dedicates this article to the late John K. Whitmore, who provided insightful comments on its early drafts. The author would also like to thank the four anonymous readers of this article for their feedback.
Jaymin Kim; The Rise and Fall of a Qing-Lê Alliance, 1788–1804: A Case Study on the Praxis of Sino-Vietnamese Relations. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 August 2023; 18 (3): 98–133. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2023.18.3.98
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