The 1873 Công đồng Tứ Xuyên, a principal and influential pastoral manual for local Vietnamese clergy, demonstrates that these religious leaders belonged to the scholar-official social class. They embraced the late Trần Confucian tradition of moral leadership. This study uses structural analysis to show the essential peculiarities beyond the external elements of the text by contextualizing this church document in the longue durée of the Vietnamese political-cultural system. By applying the tools of cultural history, this article aims to retrieve the long-muted voices of the local Catholic leaders of the precolonial period.
Prophets and Zealots: The 1873 Synodal Document, Nonconformist Confucianism, and the Vietnamese Clergy
Lân Ngô (Ngô Anh Lân), SJ, is Clinical Assistant Professor of Asian and Asian American Studies at Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, where he teaches courses on Asian civilizations and Christianity in Asia. He obtained his PhD from Georgetown University, and his research focuses on Vietnamese Catholicism. He would like to thank Robert Ballecer, SJ; Robert Caro, SJ; Tuan Hoang; Charles Keith; and Anh Tran, SJ, for their editing and feedback.
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Lân Ngô; Prophets and Zealots: The 1873 Synodal Document, Nonconformist Confucianism, and the Vietnamese Clergy. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 August 2022; 17 (2-3): 64–92. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2022.17.2-3.64
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