Marian devotionalism was the most popular faith practice among twentieth-century Vietnamese Catholics. Yet its contents were not uniform but reflected shifting realities of church history and Vietnamese history. In particular, the period 1940–1975 witnessed a monumental movement that associated Marianism with anticommunist nationalism among many Vietnamese Catholics. This development came from a combination of several interlocking factors, some global and some local. The development indeed reflects a pattern of interactions between the global and the local in the history of Vietnamese Marianism. It further illustrates the agency of Vietnamese Catholics, who welcomed ideas and beliefs from the global church yet also actively shaped them to further the destiny of their national church.
“Our Lady’s Immaculate Heart Will Prevail”: Vietnamese Marianism and Anticommunism, 1940–1975
Tuan Hoang is associate professor of Great Books at Pepperdine University. He teaches primarily in the Great Books and history programs and conducts research on Catholics in twentieth-century Vietnam and the diaspora. This article was presented at the UC Berkeley–UCLA conference “Ethnic and Community Identity in Southeast Asia,” the World Christianity Conference at Princeton Theological Seminary, and the Vietnam Center annual conference, all during 2021. The author wishes to thank the conference participants for their comments, plus especially Charles Keith and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive feedback on earlier drafts.
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Tuan Hoang; “Our Lady’s Immaculate Heart Will Prevail”: Vietnamese Marianism and Anticommunism, 1940–1975. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 August 2022; 17 (2-3): 126–157. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2022.17.2-3.126
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