This study examines the immigration history, cultural characteristics, and political construction of the ethnic identity of the Chinese communities in the northeastern borderlands of Vietnam. It considers Vietnam’s policies toward the Chinese as applied in the border region before and after the 1979 border war. It suggests that states view ethnicity from the lens of national political cohesion and therefore see ethnicity as a means to obtain both foreign and domestic objectives. Thus, when China-Vietnam relations became strained, the overseas Chinese in the borderlands were caught in the middle of the confrontation.
Ethnic Chinese in the Sino-Vietnamese Borderlands: Debates over Loyalty and Identity
Nguyễn Văn Chính is Associate Professor and Head of Development Anthropology at the University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vietnam National University, Hà Nội. He received his doctorate from the University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands. His recent academic interests focus on issues of ethnic minorities, cross-border migration, and development. This article resulted from research project QG.17.06, sponsored by Vietnam National University, Hà Nội. He would like to thank Professor Ito Massako (Kyoto Unversity, Japan), Professor Andrew Hardy (EFEO Hà Nội), Emeritus Professor Benedict Kerkvliet (Australian National University), and the anonymous reviewers for their encouragement and comments. Special thanks to Professor Wynn Gadkar-Wincox at Western Connecticut State University for his help in editing this text.
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Search Site
Nguyễn Văn Chính; Ethnic Chinese in the Sino-Vietnamese Borderlands: Debates over Loyalty and Identity. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 November 2021; 16 (4): 1–35. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2021.16.4.1
Download citation file: