This essay examines wages and the gender wage gap between 1993 and 2008 in Vietnam. Our results reveal a slight increase in the mean of the gender wage gap from 2002 to 2008, which is mainly driven by a sharp increase in the gender wage gap for low-wage workers. Decomposition results suggest that the major part of the gender wage gap attributes to gender discrimination. While gender discrimination decreases for high-wage workers, it increases for low-wage workers. Over the period, wage growth is partly explained by changes in average characteristics but mainly due to increasing returns.
The Gender Wage Gap in the Vietnamese Transition, 1993–2008
Huong Thu Le is an academic at the Public Policy Institute and a Data Officer at School of Population and Global Health, University of Western Australia. This article is part of her PhD thesis submitted to the Australian National University.
Ha Trong Nguyen is a Senior Research Fellow at Human Capacity Department, Telethon Kids Institute. Part of this article was completed when the author was with the Bankwest Curtin Economics Centre, Curtin University. The authors gratefully acknowledge constructive comments provided on an earlier draft by the co-editor Liam Kelley, the managing director Trinh Luu, and three anonymous referees of this journal.
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Huong Thu Le, Ha Trong Nguyen; The Gender Wage Gap in the Vietnamese Transition, 1993–2008. Journal of Vietnamese Studies 1 November 2018; 13 (4): 71–111. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/vs.2018.13.4.71
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