State formation among the Central Highlanders of Vietnam under the First Republic, as current analyses inform us, was an assimilation process. The government of the First Republic envisioned a process of modernization for the highlanders, to be realized primarily through agrarian change. For all the assimilation tendencies one may identify in the First Republic's highlander policies, this paper argues that the "Highlander Resettlement Plan" was in fact a multiapproach "grand scheme" to gradually remold the agrarian world of the highlanders. These policies gradually took into account the practices of the highlanders and ended up with more hybrid forms.

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