In his article on "Hereford Cathedral" published in the Archaeological Journal in 1877, Sir George Gilbert Scott suggested that the Romanesque presbytery was originally covered with a high groin vault on the basis of the suitability of the broad pilasters on the piers for supporting transverse arches of such a vault. While Scott's case for a high vault has been generally accepted, it has not been seriously tested through a detailed examination of the fabric. This note presents new evidence in the masonry above the eastern crossing arch in support of a Romanesque high vault, considers the manner of its construction in relation to other vaults in the West Country School of Romanesque architecture, and examines the case for its being of groined or ribbed design.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Sir G. Gilbert Scott, "Hereford Cathedral," Archaeological Journal, LVIII, 1877, 327, ill. opp. 328
Scott
327
LVIII
Archaeological Journal
1877
Gordon M. Hills, "The Architectural History of Hereford Cathedral,"Journal of the British Archaeological As- sociation, XXVII, 1871, 506
Hills
506
XXVII
Journal of the British Archaeological Association
1871
W. E. H. Clarke, "An Architectural Account of Hereford Ca- thedral," Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club, 1921-1923, 148
Clarke
An Architectural Account of Hereford Cathedral
148
Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club
1923
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, Herefordshire, South-West (hereafter RCHM Herefordshire SW), London, 1931, 94
94
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments, Herefordshire, South-West
1931
George Marshall, Hereford Cathedral: Its Evo- lution and Growth, Worcester, 1951, 28-29
Marshall
28
Hereford Cathedral: Its Evolution and Growth
1951
2
Bishop William de Vere (1186-1198) by RCHM Herefordshire SW, 90
de Vere
90
RCHM Herefordshire SW
1198
3
Hills, "Hereford Cathedral," 508
Hills
508
Hereford Cathedral
Robert Willis, Report of a Survey of the Dilapidated Portions ofHereford Cathedral in the Year 1841, Hereford, 1842
Willis
Report of a Survey of the Dilapidated Portions ofHereford Cathedral in the Year 1841
1841
Architectural History of Some English Cathedrals, Chicheley, 1973
Architectural History of Some English Cathedrals
1973
John Mereweather, A Statement on the Condition of the Cathedral Church of Hereford, London, 1842
Mereweather
A Statement on the Condition of the Cathedral Church of Hereford
1842
4
R. H. Mottram, The Glories of Norwich Cathedral, London, 1948, plates 52, 61, 66, and 67
Mottram
The Glories of Norwich Cathedral
1948
Southwell Minster is illustrated in N. Summers, Southwell Minster, Pitkin Pride of Britain Books, London, 1979, 5
Summers
5
Southwell Minster
1979
5
Trans- actions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society, 3rd Series, IX, 1984, 37-43
37
IX
Transactions of the Worcestershire Archaeological Society
1984
6
Malcolm Thurlby, "The Romanesque Elevations of Tewkesbury and Pershore,"JSAH, XLIV, 1985,11-12, figs. 17 and 1810.2307/990057
11
Thurlby, "Tewkesbury and Pershore," 11-12, figs. 12 and 19
Thurlby
11
Tewkesbury and Pershore
7
S. E. Rigold, Lilleshall Abbey, London, H.M.S.O., 1969
Rigold
Lilleshall Abbey
1969
8
Robert Mark, Experiments in Gothic Structure, Cambridge, Mass., 1982, 113, fig. 70
Mark
113
Experiments in Gothic Structure
1982
Birkenhead Priory (Fred. H. Crossley, "Cheshire Churches in the Twelfth Century," Journal of Chester and N. Wales Architectural, Archaeological and Historic Society, XXXII, 1938, pl. opp. 27
Priory
XXXII
Journal of Chester and N. Wales Architectural, Archaeological and Historic Society
1938
9
simultaneously published articles in Medieval Art and Architecture at Tewkesbury and Gloucester: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1981
Medieval Art and Architecture at Tewkesbury and Gloucester: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1981
1981
1985
Richard Halsey, "Tewkesbury Abbey: Some Recent Observa- tions," 16-35, figs. 2 and 3
Halsey
16
Tewkesbury Abbey: Some Recent Observations
Malcolm Thurlby, "The Elevations of the Romanesque Abbey Churches of St. Mary at Tewkesbury and St. Peter at Gloucester," 36-51, fig. 1
Thurlby
36
The Elevations of the Romanesque Abbey Churches of St. Mary at Tewkesbury and St. Peter at Gloucester
Christopher Wilson, "Abbot Serlo's Church at Gloucester (1089-1100): Its Place in Romanesque Architecture," 52- 83
Wilson
52
Abbot Serlo's Church at Gloucester (1089-1100): Its Place in Romanesque Architecture
especially 66-67, fig. 8
Peter Kidson's article published in the same volume, "The Abbey Church of St. Mary at Tewkesbury in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries," 6-15
Kidson
6
The Abbey Church of St. Mary at Tewkesbury in the Eleventh and Twelfth Centuries
p. 12
Thurlby, "Tewkesbury and Pershore."
Thurlby
Tewkesbury and Pershore
Chester Cathedral (Nikolaus Pevsner and Edward Hubbard, The Buildings of England, Cheshire, Harmondsworth, 1971, pl. 5)
Pevsner
The Buildings of England
1971
Nikolaus Pevsner, The Buildings of England, Staffordshire, Harmondsworth, 1974, pl. 8
Pevsner
The Buildings of England
1974
10
R. D. H. Gem, "Bishop Wulfstan II and the Romanesque Cathedral Church of Worcester," Medieval Art and Architecture at Worces- ter Cathedral: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1975, 1978, 15-37
Gem
Bishop Wulfstan II and the Romanesque Cathedral Church of Worcester
15
Medieval Art and Architecture at Worcester Cathedral: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1975, 1978
1975
Shrewsbury Abbey (D. H. S. Cra- nage, An Architectural Account of the Churches of Shropshire, Wellington, 1912, 866-886)
Cranage
866
An Architectural Account of the Churches of Shropshire
1912
Christopher Wilson, "Serlo's Gloucester," 69-72
Wilson
69
Serlo's Gloucester
Thurlby, "Tewkesbury and Gloucester," 45-47
Thurlby
45
Tewkesbury and Gloucester
Thurlby, "Tewkesbury and Gloucester," 46, fig. 5
Thurlby
46
Tewkesbury and Gloucester
11
John Britton, Cathedral Antiquities of Great Britain, III, London, 1836, pl. XI.
Britton
III
Cathedral Antiquities of Great Britain
1836
12
John Bilson, "The Beginnings of Gothic Architecture: II. Nor- man Vaulting in England," Journal of the Royal Institute of British Archi- tects, 3rd Series, VI, 1899, 292.
Bilson
3
292
VI
Journal of the Royal Institute of British Architects
1899
13
Christopher Wilson, "The Sources of the Late Twelfth-Century Work at Worcester Cathedral," Medieval Art and Architecture at Worcester Cathedral: The British Archaeo- logical Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1975, 1978, pl. XIVc
Wilson
The Sources of the Late Twelfth-Century Work at Worcester Cathedral
Medieval Art and Architecture at Worcester Cathedral: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1975, 1978
1975
14
Roger Stalley, "Three Irish Buildings with West Country Origins," Medieval Art and Architecture at Wells and Glastonbury: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1978, 1981, 62-80
Stalley
Three Irish Buildings with West Country Origins
Medieval Art and Architecture at Wells and Glastonbury: The British Archaeological Association Conference Transactions for the Year 1978, 1981
1978
especially 62-64
Paris, Saint-Martin-des-Champs
Paris, Saint-Pierre-de-Montmartre
15
Lucien Mussat, Normandie romane, I, La basse Normandie, La Pierre- qui-Vire, 2nd edition, 1975, pl. 82.
Mussat
2
Normandie romane, I, La basse Normandie
1975
16
John Bilson, "The Plan of the First Cathedral Church of Lincoln," Archaeologia, LXII, 1911, 543-564
Bilson
543
LXII
Archaeologia
1911
St. Albans, The Victoria History of the Counties of England, Hertfordshire, ed. W. Page, 1908, II, 484, 490
Albans
484
II
The Victoria History of the Counties of England, Hertfordshire
1908
Chepstow, C. Lynam, "Notes on the Nave of Chepstow Parish Church," ArchaeologicalJournal, LXII, 1905, 271-278
Lynam
271
LXII
ArchaeologicalJournal
1905
Durham vaults is by John James, "The Rib Vaults of Durham Cathedral," Gesta, XXII, 2, 1983, 135-14510.2307/766922
135
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