The architectural patronage of Pope Clement XI Albani was largely a studied effort to repair and embellish Roman monuments rather than an attempt to glorify the papal family through ambitious new undertakings. In this article, Carlo Fontana's designs for portico gates for Santa Maria Maggiore are studied in the broader context of Albani patronage. In addition, the contract between Fontana and the basilican chapter and the ironworker Pietro Monti, recently uncovered in the church's archive, is examined, and visual evidence is offered for the actual execution of the papal architect's designs. Stressing the political significance of the Liberian basilica in the context of the papal role in the War of the Spanish Succession, it becomes clear that the erection of the gates was more than just a practical or decorative measure. Moreover, this article demonstrates that the portico-gates project reflects Clement's interests in Paleochristianity, especially Rome's Early Christian basilicas, placing this minor undertaking into the mainstream of early settecento Roman intellectualism and scholarship.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Giovan Mario Crescimbeni, Stato della basilica diaconale, colleggiata, eparrocchiale di S. Maria in Cosmedin di Roma . . . con varie giunte, e correzioni dell'istoria di essa basilica . . . e con un'appendice dell'altra sua istoria di S. Giovanni avanti Porta Latina, Rome, 1719, 194
Crescimbeni
194
Stato della basilica diaconale, colleggiata, eparrocchiale di S. Maria in Cosmedin di Roma . . . con varie giunte, e correzioni dell'istoria di essa basilica . . . e con un'appendice dell'altra sua istoria di S. Giovanni avanti Porta Latina
1719
2
"The Art Patronage of Pope Clement XI Albani and the Paleochristian Revival in Early Eighteenth-Cen- tury Rome," Ph.D. diss., University of Delaware, 1985, especially chap. 2
3
R. Krautheimer, Cor- pus Basilicarum Christianorum Romae: The Early Christian Basilicas of Rome (IV-IX Cent.), 5 vols., Rome, 1937-1977, 11, 1-60
Krautheimer
1
11
Corpus Basilicarum Christianorum Romae: The Early Christian Basilicas of Rome
1937
4
Archivio Capitolare di Santa Maria Maggiore (hereafter ACSMM)
5
ACSMM, Giustificazioni, 60, 1709-1711.
ACSMM
60
Giustificazioni
1711
6
Ibid., 63, 1718-1720.
63
7
Ibid., 59, 1707-1708
59
8
A. Braham and H. Hager, Carlo Fontana: The Drawings at Windsor Castle, Lon- don, 1977, 179-180
Braham
179
Carlo Fontana: The Drawings at Windsor Castle
1977
9
ACSMM, Giustificazioni, 60, 1709-1711.
Acsmm
60
Giustificazioni
1711
10
Johns, "Pa- tronage of Clement XI," 249-255
Johns
249
Patronage of Clement XI
11
ACSMM, Giustificazioni, 60, 1709-1711.
Acsmm
60
Giustificazioni
1711
12
Ibid., 61, 1712-1714
61
13
Johns, "Patronage of Clement XI," chap. 1
Johns
chap. 1
Patronage of Clement XI
14
ACSMM, Giustificazioni, 60, 1709-1711.
Acsmm
60
Giustificazioni
1711
15
Johns, "Patronage of Clement Xl," 251-254
Johns
251
Patronage of Clement Xl
E. Coudenhove-Erthal, Carlo Fontana und die Architektur des ramischen Spatbarock, Vienna, 1930, 126
Coudenhove-Erthal
126
Carlo Fontana und die Architektur des ramischen Spatbarock
1930
16
Johns, "Patronage of Clement XI," 280
Johns
280
Patronage of Clement XI
19
C. Hiilsen, "Il 'Museo Ecclesiastico' di Clemente XI. Albani," Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Com- unale di Roma, 18 (1890), 260-277
Hiilsen
260
18
Bullettino della Commissione Archeologica Comunale di Roma
1890
20
P. Romanelli and J. Nordhagen, S. Maria Antiqua, Rome, 1964
Romanelli
S. Maria Antiqua
1964
21
Marcantonio Boldetti, Osservazioni sopra i cimiterj de' Santi Martiri . . con alcune riflessioni pratiche sopra il culto delle sagre reliquie, Rome, 1720, and Carlo Bartolomeo Piazza, La gerarchia cardinalizia . . . , Rome, 1703
Boldetti
Osservazioni sopra i cimiterj de' Santi Martiri . . con alcune riflessioni pratiche sopra il culto delle sagre reliquie
1720
22
J. B. Odier, La Bibliothèque Vaticane de Sixte IV ' Pie IX: Recherches sur l'histoire des collections de manuscrits, Vatican City, 1973
Odier
La Bibliothèque Vaticane de Sixte IV ' Pie IX: Recherches sur l'histoire des collections de manuscrits
1973
23
M. Conforti, "The Lateran Apostles," Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1977
24
Duc d'Antin, dated 21 Septem- ber 1709
A. de Montaiglon, ed., Correspondence des Directeurs de l'Academie de France ' Rome avec les Surintendants des Batiments, 18 vols., Paris, 1887-1912, III, 323
de Montaiglon
323
III
Correspondence des Directeurs de l'Academie de France ' Rome avec les Surintendants des Batiments
1912
26
Alexander VIII (1689-1691)
Johns, "Pa- tronage of Clement XI," 45-47
Johns
45
Patronage of Clement XI
27
Albani-Fontana drawings, vol. 172, at Windsor Castle
Braham and Hager, Fontana at Windsor, 79
Braham
79
Fontana at Windsor
28
Johns, "Patronage of Clement XI," 292-303
Johns
292
Patronage of Clement XI
29
W. Oechslin, Bildungsgut und Antikenrezeption des friihen Settecento in Rom: Studien zum rimischen Aufenthalt Bernardo Antonio Vittones, Zurich, 1972, 127
Oechslin
127
Bildungsgut und Antikenrezeption des friihen Settecento in Rom: Studien zum rimischen Aufenthalt Bernardo Antonio Vittones
1972
30
Abbe de Cor- demoy's Nouveau traite de tout l'architecture (1706)
de Cordemoy
Nouveau traite de tout l'architecture
1706
D. Nyberg, "'La sainte Antiquite': Focus of an Eighteenth- Century Architectural Debate," in Essays in the History of Architecture Presented to Rudolf Wittkower, ed. D. Fraser, H. Hibbard, and M. J. Lewine, London, 1967, 159-169
Nyberg
La sainte Antiquite': Focus of an EighteenthCentury Architectural Debate
159
Essays in the History of Architecture Presented to Rudolf Wittkower
1967
R. D. Middleton, "The Abbe de Cordemoy and the Graeco-Gothic Ideal: A Prelude to Romantic Clas- sicism," Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes, 25 (1962), 278- 320; 26 (1963), 90-12310.2307/750811
278
This content is only available via PDF.