So far, 19th-century architecture in any of the three parts of the divided country of Poland has received virtually no attention from Western (and that includes German) architectural or town-planning historians. Lodz was undoubtedly the most important Polish town developed in the 19th century. The rapidity of the growth, especially in the later 19th century, was astonishing even by western European standards; the degree of preservation of late-19th-century industrial buildings-understood to include not only factories, but also workers' dwellings and factory owners' mansions-is considerable. After examining more briefly the early development of the textile colonies, which were supported very much by the State, the article deals in more detail with large industrial buildings erected by the most important entrepreneurs, Scheibler and Poznański. An attempt is made to relate the particular configuration of workers' houses and mansions to the social set-up locally and generally.
Poland's Manchester: 19th-Century Industrial and Domestic Architecture in Lodz
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Irena Popławska, Stefan Muthesius; Poland's Manchester: 19th-Century Industrial and Domestic Architecture in Lodz. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1 June 1986; 45 (2): 148–160. doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/990093
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