Throughout his career, top-lit vertical spaces played a prominent role in Wright's work, in his domestic as well as civic and commercial buildings. Their source lies in late-19th-century tall office buildings, where the need for natural light was crucial. The quest for light as a major motivating factor in the development of Chicago School architecture, the solution of the glazed light court and Wright's familiarity with it, and the paramount importance of these impressive light-filled spaces in his work well after they had outlived their original function, are all factors long overlooked by historians.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Henry-Russell Hitchcock, In the Nature of Materials: The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright 1887-2941, reprint of the 1942 edition, New York, 1975, 5x.
Hitchcock
5x
In the Nature of Materials: The Buildings of Frank Lloyd Wright 1887-2941
1975
2
Robert C. Spencer, Jr., "The Work of Frank Lloyd Wright," Architectural Review, Boston, 7 (May 9000), 69.
Spencer
May
69
7
Architectural Review
9000
Edgar Kaufmann, Jr., "Frank Lloyd Wright's Mementos of Childhood,"JSAH, 41 (October 1982), 232-237
Kaufmann
October
232
41
JSAH
1982
"Form Became Feeling, A New View of Froebel and Wright," JSAH, 40 (May 1981), 130-133
Kaufmann
May
130
40
JSAH
1981
Robert MacCormac, "The Anatomy of Wright's Aesthetics," Architectural Review, 143 (February 1968), 143-146
MacCormac
February
143
143
Architectural Review
1968
Grant C. Man- son, Frank Lloyd Wright to 19xo: The First Golden Age, New York, 1958
Manson
Frank Lloyd Wright to 19xo: The First Golden Age
1958
3
Thomas E. Tallmadge, Architecture in Old Chicago, Chicago, 1941, 186.
Tallmadge
186
Architecture in Old Chicago
1941
4
Frank A. Randall, History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago, Chicago, 1949, 12-13
Randall
12
History of the Development of Building Construction in Chicago
1949
5
Wallace Harrison, "Office Buildings," in Talbot Hamlin, Forms and Functions of Twentieth Century Architecture, New York, 1952, 149
Harrison
Office Buildings
149
Talbot Hamlin, Forms and Functions of Twentieth Century Architecture
1952
6
William H. Jordy, American Buildings and Their Architects, 4 vols., New York, 1976, III, 2x
Jordy
2x
III
American Buildings and Their Architects
1976
8
"The Burlington Offices," Inland Architect, I (1883), 18-19.
18
I
Inland Architect
1883
Donald Hoffmann, The Architecture ofJohn Wellborn Root, Baltimore and London, 1973, 30ff
Hoffmann
30
The Architecture ofJohn Wellborn Root
1973
9
Hoffmann, Root, 32
Hoffmann
32
Root
10
Hoffmann, Root, 32.
Hoffmann
32
Root
11
Oscar Lewis, Bonanza Inn: America's First Luxury Hotel, New York, 1939, 215-
Lewis
215
Bonanza Inn: America's First Luxury Hotel
1939
12
Inland Architect, ii (October 1883), 122.
October
122
ii
Inland Architect
1883
13
Hoffmann, Root, 66.
Hoffmann
66
Root
14
Henry Van Brunt, "John Wellborn Root," Inland Architect, 16 (January 1891), 87.
Van Brunt
January
87
16
Inland Architect
1891
15
Harriet Monroe,John Wellborn Root, A Study of His Life and Work, Boston and New York, 1896, 169.
Monroe
169
John Wellborn Root, A Study of His Life and Work
1896
16
American Architect and Building News, 9 (Janu- ary-June 1881)
January
9
American Architect and Building News
1881
12 (July-December, 1882)
Encyclopidie d'Ar- chitecture, Iv, ser. 3, 1885, pl. 928
Iv
Encyclopidie d'Architecture
1885
17
Richard G. Wilson, Dianne H. Pilgrim, and R. N. Murray, Amer- ican Renaissance 1876-r917, New York, 1979
Wilson
American Renaissance 1876-r917
1979
Tallmadge briefly discusses the French debt in Architecture in Old Chicago, 118ff
118
Architecture in Old Chicago
Henry-Russell Hitchcock, "Foreign Influences in American Painting and Architecture After 1860," in The Shaping of Art and Ar- chitecture in Nineteenth Century America, New York, 1972
Hitchcock
Foreign Influences in American Painting and Architecture After 1860
The Shaping of Art and Architecture in Nineteenth Century America
1972
19
Montgomery Schuyler, "D. H. Burnham and Company," American Architecture and Other Writings, ed. by William Jordy and Ralph Coe, Cambridge, Mass., 1961, 408
Schuyler
D. H. Burnham and Company
408
American Architecture and Other Writings
1961
20
Tallmadge, Architecture in Old Chicago, 99.
Tallmadge
99
Architecture in Old Chicago
21
Wilson et al., American Renaissance, II.
Wilson
II
American Renaissance
22
"All Kinds of a Store," Architectural Record, 12 (1902), 296.
296
12
Architectural Record
1902
23
Manson, Frank Lloyd Wright to 1910, 168.
Manson
168
Frank Lloyd Wright to 1910
24
Inland Architect and News Record, 50 (September 1907), 36.
September
36
50
Inland Architect and News Record
1907
Manson, Frank Lloyd Wright to 1910, 168
Manson
168
Frank Lloyd Wright to 1910
25
Frank Lloyd Wright, An American Architecture, New York, 1955, 80.
Wright
80
An American Architecture
1955
26
Ibid., 38.
38
27
Ibid., 75.
75
28
Wright, An Autobiography, New York, 1932, 180.
Wright
180
An Autobiography
1932
29
Wright, American Architecture, 75.
Wright
75
American Architecture
30
Ibid., 78-80
78
Wright
31
Siegfried Giedion, Space, Time and Architecture, Cambridge, Mass., 5th ed., 1967, 423-
Giedion
5
423
Time and Architecture
1967
32
Wright, American Architecture, 26.
Wright
26
American Architecture
33
The Plan for Restoration and Adaptive Use of the Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio, Chicago, 1978, 25-
25
The Plan for Restoration and Adaptive Use of the Frank Lloyd Wright Home and Studio
1978
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