The paper interprets a previously ignored document within the context of Sullivan's earlier and later theoretical writings. The document, a version of "Inspiration," in French, handwritten, and dated 1893, exists in the Sullivania archives at the Burnham Library of Architecture at the Art Institute of Chicago. It is not a translation of the earlier, 1886 version of "Inspiration," as it was previously thought, but an extensive revision intended to clarify a philosophy and theory of art which is at the basis of Sullivan's writings between 1885-1901. This document is also important because it amplifies our knowledge of Sullivan's ornament in the Union's exhibition headquarters, the Musée des Arts Decoratifs. By placing this document within a French context, two issues can be clarified regarding Sullivan's relation to the French avant-garde and his pride at the international recognition of his ornament: 1) Although the French appreciated Sullivan's ornament because of its stylistic affinity with Art Nouveau design, they understood it to be based on a theory of art which corresponded closely to their own. Art Nouveau designers, and especially Symbolist painters, regarded the roles of the artist, art, and nature in terms similar to those expressed by Sullivan. 2) Regarding the more didactic quality of the 1893 version of "Inspiration," Sullivan changed the tenor of the earlier, romantic rhapsody to emphasize his relationship with avant-garde artists in France. In this respect, he considered himself an artist, not "merely" an architect. He believed that by beautifying construction he could cause building masses to transcend their materialistic conditions and thereby communicate spiritual ideas. He sought to achieve this through his ornament.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Paul Sprague, The Drawings of Louis H. Sullivan, Princeton, NJ, 1979, nos. 92 and 93
Sprague
The Drawings of Louis H. Sullivan
1979
"A poem in prose, Louis H. Sullivan 1886"
Sullivan
A poem in prose
1886
2
Louis H. Sullivan, Inspiration, published in brochure by the Inland Architect Press, Chicago, 1886
Sullivan
Inspiration
1886
n.p., 1964, 35
3
Louis H. Sullivan, The Autobiography ofan Idea, New York, 1956 (reprint of 1924 edition), 301-302.
Sullivan
301
The Autobiography ofan Idea
1956
4
Autobiography, 302.
Sullivan
302
Autobiography
5
Autobiography, 303.
303
Autobiography
6
"Inspiration," 1886, 4.
4
Inspiration
1886
7
Autobiography, 303.
303
Autobiography
8
"Ornament in Architecture," 1892
Ornament in Architecture
1892
Sherman Paul in Louis Sullivan: An Architect in American Thought, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1962
Paul
An Architect in American Thought
1962
9
Kindergarten Chats and Other Writings, New York, 1947, 46
Sullivan
46
Kindergarten Chats and Other Writings
1947
10
Paul Sprague and Donald D. Egbert, "In Search of John Edelmann," AIA Journal, XLV, February 1966, 35-41
Sprague
February
35
XLV
AIA Journal
1966
Willard Connely, Louis Sullivan as He Lived, New York, 1960, 69-79
Connely
69
Louis Sullivan as He Lived
1960
11
David H. Crook, in "Louis Sullivan and the Golden Doorway," JSAH, xxvI, December 1967, z50ff
Crook
December
z50ff
xxvI
JSAH
1967
121
Montgomery Schuyler, "Last Words About the World's Fair," reprinted in American Architecture and Other Writings, William H. Jordy and Ralph Coe, editors, Cambridge, MA, 1961, 364-365
Schuyler
Last Words About the World's Fair
364
American Architecture and Other Writings
1961
P. B. Wight, "The Great Exhibition Reviewed," American Architect and Building News, XLII, October-December, 1893, 8
Wight
October
8
XLII
American Architect and Building News
1893
Henry Van Brunt, "Architecture at the World's Columbian Exhibition," reprinted in Architecture and Society: Selected Essays of Henry Van Brunt, William A. Coles, editor, Cam- bridge, MA, 1969, 264-270
Van Brunt
264
Architecture at the World's Columbian Exhibition
1969
13
André Bouilhet, "L'Exposi- tion de Chicago," Revue des Arts Decoratifs, xIv, 1893, 66-79
Bouilhet
66
xIv
Revue des Arts Decoratifs
1893
American Architect and Building News, XLII, October-December, 1893, zo
October
zo
XLII
American Architect and Building News
1893
Gazette des Beaux Arts, LXXIII, September 1893, 237- z53
September
237
LXXIII
Gazette des Beaux Arts
1893
November 1893, 416-4z5
December 1893, 441-461
Hermant, "L'Architecture aux Etats-Unis" in L'Architecture, viii, October 1894, 341-346
Hermant
October
341
viii
L'Architecture
1894
16
Bouilhet, "L'Exposition de Chicago," 68-69.
Bouilhet
68
L'Exposition de Chicago
17
"Inspiration," 1893, i-z.
i
Inspiration
1893
18
James Grady, "Nature and the Art Nouveau," Art Bulletin, xxxvII, September 1955, 187-19210.2307/3047607
187
Paul Sprague, The Architecture of Louis Sullivan and His Chief Draftsmen, Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1969, 260-265
19
A System of Architectural Ornament According with a Philoso- phy of Man
20
Louis H. Sullivan, "The Tall Office Building Artistically Con- sidered," originally published in Lippincotts, March 1896, reprinted in Kindergarten Chats and other Writings, New York, 1947, 202-206.
Sullivan
202
The Tall Office Building Artistically Considered
1947
Ph.D. dissertation, Louis H. Sullivan's Metaphysics of Archi- tecture (1885-1900): Sources and Correspondences with Symbolist Art Theories (University of Chicago)
21
Bouilhet, "L'Exposition de Chicago," 68.
Bouilhet
68
L'Exposition de Chicago
22
Hermant, "L'Art ' L'Exposition de Chicago," Gazette des Beaux Arts, LXXm, September 1893, 25 z-253
Hermant
September
25 z
LXXm
Gazette des Beaux Arts
1893
23
Bouilhet, "L'Exposition de Chicago," 69.
Bouilhet
69
L'Exposition de Chicago
24
Bouilhet, "L'Exposition de Chicago," 72.
Bouilhet
72
L'Exposition de Chicago
26
"France Honors Louis H. Sullivan" in Inland Architect and News Record, 25 (March 1895), zo-zi
France Honors Louis H. Sullivan
zo
25
Inland Architect and News Record
1895
"La Demolition du Palais de l'Industrie," Moni- teur des Arts, 39, z6 April 1895, 21
z6 April
21
39
Moniteur des Arts
1895
27
"Rapport de M. Jules Maciet, Vice President de la Com- mission du Mus&e," Revue des Arts Decortifs, 14 (1894), 324
324
14
Revue des Arts Decortifs
1894
1893, no. 7839
27 October 1893
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