Sabine Hall, an early mansion associated with the important Carter family, has long been recognized by historians as one of the major Virginia houses of the Georgian period. Later modifications of the house, however, have obscured its original character, and this in turn has curtailed discussion of the building in relation to Colonial architecture. This study attempts to establish the several building campaigns at Sabine Hall, to analyze them in the context of colonial and later American architecture, particularly that of Virginia, and thereby to recover-at least on paper-the appearance of the house in the early 18th century. The investigation, based on primary sources, includes a consideration of colonial Virginia, the owners of the house, and its craftsmen, plan, façade, materials, rooms, outbuildings, various alterations, and garden.

[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
3
The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter of Sabine Hall, 1752-1778, ed. Jack P. Greene, Charlottesville, VA, 1965, 1113.
Greene
1113
The Diary of Colonel Landon Carter of Sabine Hall, 1752-1778
1965
4
Marcus Whiffen, "The Early County Courthouses of Virginia," JSAH, XVIII, March 1959, 2.
Whiffen
March
2
XVIII
JSAH
1959
5
Diary, ed., Greene, 692.
Greene
692
Diary
8
Richmond County Criminal Trial Book, 1710-1754, 53
53
Richmond County Criminal Trial Book
1754
Rich- mond County Account Book, I, 68
68
I
Richmond County Account Book
Richmond County Order Book, X, 147 and 646
147
X
Richmond County Order Book
Xl, 119
9
Whiffen, The Public Buildings of Williamsburg, Williamsburg, 1958, 30 and 61
Whiffen
30
The Public Buildings of Williamsburg
1958
Whiffen, "Some Virginian House Plans Reconsidered," JSAH, XVI, May, 1957, 17
Whiffen
May
17
XVI
JSAH
1957
10
Campbell, Vitruvius Britannicus, London, 1715-1725, II, 35- 36
Campbell
35
II
Vitruvius Britannicus
1725
III, 9 1-91
Kent, Designs of Inigo Jones, London, 1727, 11, pl. 12
Kent
12
11
Designs of Inigo Jones
1727
12
Lectures on Architecture, London, 1736, 73 and 76.
73
Lectures on Architecture
1736
14
Paul E. Buchanan, "The Eighteenth-Century Frame Houses of Tidewater Virginia," in Building Early America, ed. Charles E. Peterson, Radnor, PA, 1976, 66
Buchanan
The Eighteenth-Century Frame Houses of Tidewater Virginia
66
Building Early America
1976
15
Marcus Whiffen, The Eighteenth-Century Houses of Williams- burg, Williamsburg, 1960, 59.
Whiffen
59
The Eighteenth-Century Houses of Williamsburg
1960
17
Charles Carter to Landon, letter of 31 July 1738, Carter Family Papers, College of William and Mary Library.
18
Un franCais en virginie, i i, cited in Jane Carson, Colonial Vir- ginians at Play, Williamsburg, 1958, 1.
Un Francais En Virginie
1
i i
Colonial Virginians at Play
1958
19
The Present State of Virginia, ed. Richard Lee Morton, London, 1724 (reprint ed., Chapel Hill, NC, 1956), 84.
Lee Morton
84
The Present State of Virginia
1956
zo
Journal &r Letters of Philip Vickers Fithian, z773-z774: A Plan- tation Tutor of the Old Dominion, ed. Hunter Dickinson Farish, Wil- liamsburg, 1945, 75-76.
75
Journal &r Letters of Philip Vickers Fithian, z773-z774: A Plantation Tutor of the Old Dominion
1945
zi
Diary, ed. Greene, 907 (30 December 1774) and 533 (16 January 1771).
Greene
30 December
907
Diary
1774
zz
Travels Through the Interior Parts of America, London, 1789, 359.
359
Travels Through the Interior Parts of America
1789
23
Travels Through the States of North America and the Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, During the Years 1795, 1796 and 1797, London, 1800, I, 156.
24
19 May, Letterbook of William Lee, Virginia Historical Society.
Letterbook of William Lee
25
Langley, A Sure Guide to Builders, London, 1729, 155
Langley
155
A Sure Guide to Builders
1729
William Salmon, Palladio Londinensis, London, 1734, 12z4
Salmon
12z4
Palladio Londinensis
1734
z6
Diary, ed. Greene, 748 (17 April 1773).
Greene
17 April
748
Diary
1773
27
Whiffen, Houses, 46.
Whiffen
46
Houses
z8
Isaac Ware, A Complete Body of Architecture, London, 1756, 325.
Ware
325
A Complete Body of Architecture
1756
29
Whiffen, Houses, 81.
Whiffen
81
Houses
30
Diary, ed. Greene, z59.
Greene
z59
Diary
31
Travels, I, 156.
156
I
Travels
32
Diary, ed. Greene, 254 (3 February 1764).
Greene
3 February
254
Diary
1764
33
Dabney Wellford, "Sabine Hall," Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine, VIII, December 1958, 677-69z.
Wellford
December
677
VIII
Northern Neck of Virginia Historical Magazine
1958
34
Diary, ed. Greene, 328 (11 September).
Greene
11 September
328
Diary
36
"Journal" of "Rob W Carter," October 181A2 to March 1813, Sabine Hall Collection, University of Virginia Library.
October
Journal" of "Rob W Carter
37
Carter described it in his "Journal" as "built of white stone" with "large stone pillars handsomely carved." The balustrade is discussed below.
Carter
Journal" as "built of white stone" with "large stone pillars handsomely carved
38
Carter Family Papers, Library of the College of William and Mary.
Carter
Library of the College of William and Mary
39
Carter Family Papers, Library of the College of William and Mary.
Carter
Library of the College of William and Mary
40
Diary, ed. Greene, introduction, 59.
Greene
59
Diary
41
Iconographia Rustica, mI, xvi.
xvi
mI
Iconographia Rustica
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