[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
Kähler's (for full titles, please see the Bibliography), especially 17-28
E. Clark's Rome and a Villa, New York, 1962, I29-183
Clark
129
Rome and a Villa
1962
Salza Prina Ricotti, "Criptoportici," zi9, n. i
Ricotti
zi9
Criptoportici
3
EAA, I, 8o-81
80
I
EAA
Kähler, 55-64 and 222-127
J. H. Chillman, "The Casino of the Semicircular Arcades ...," MAAR, IV, 1924, o103-12 (the Triclinium)
Chillman
103
IV
MAAR
1924
H. D. Mirick, "The Large Baths at Hadrian's Villa," MAAR, XI, 1933, x19-126
Mirick
119
XI
MAAR
1933
Reichardt
Hoffmann
A. C. G. Smith, "The Date of the 'Grandi Terme' of Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli," Papers of the British School at Rome, XLVI, 1978
Smith
The Date of the 'Grandi Terme' of Hadrian's Villa at Tivoli
XLVI
Papers of the British School at Rome
1978
4
Vitruvius, 5.10.1
5
Kähler, 25
Salza Prina Ricotti, "Criptoportici," especially z42
Ricotti
242
Criptoportici
Tavv. IX and X
6
Kähler, 21, 15I
MacDonald, I29-137
129
R. Syme, "Hadrian the Intellectual," in Les empereurs romains d'Espagne, Paris, 1965, 243-z49
Syme
Hadrian the Intellectual
243
Les empereurs romains d'Espagne
1965
Garzetti, 431-432 and 696- 698
431
7
Gusman, 197
197
9
Blake, 40-65, 158-o04, and 237-z60
158
MacDonald, Chapter VII
10
A pool: Winnefeld, 134
134
Krencker (or a palestra, or a garden), 261
261
Kennedy (with a peristyle)
Blake, 248
248
Crema, 404-406
404
11
note IS here
Aurigemma, Fig. z6
Krencker, Abb. 391a
391
12
Boithius and Ward-Perkins, 256
256
13
Figures 7 and i8
Plates 75 and 80 (the Markets of Trajan, Rome) in MacDonald
75
14
Island Casino ("Maritime Theatre"), for example, or the Piazza d'Oro
25
EAA, I, 75
75
I
EAA
Francesco Contini, who published it in i668 (it was republished in Rome in 1751)
Salza Prina Ricotti, "Ligorio e Contini"
Ricotti
Ligorio e Contini
Kähler, 161, n. I9
Francesco, Pianta delle fabbriche esistente nella Villa Adriana, Rome, 1781
Francesco
Pianta delle fabbriche esistente nella Villa Adriana
1781
26
Winnefeld's version (Taf. XIII)
Gusman, 195
195
Bloch, Fig. 33
Krencker's Abb. 391a
391
Crema, Fig. 496
496
Aurigemma, Fig. 75
75
16
Aurigemma, 88
88
Krencker, Abb. 301
301
Carettoni et al., I, 106-107
106
ii,Tav.XXXII
Verduchi, Figs. 67 and ff.
67
Thatcher, Pl. I, between Rooms 2 and I
2
17
Thatcher, 173, n. ii
173
J. P. V. D. Balsdon, Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome, London, 1969, 26-3 z and citations
Balsdon
26
Life and Leisure in Ancient Rome
1969
Krencker, 320-3 37
320
18
Seneca, 86.8
86
Thatcher, 219
219
19
Neuerburg, nos. 21, 35, 143
35
MacDonald, Plates 29 and 30
29
nos. 26 and 27
Vitruvius, io.8
W. Walcker- Mayer, Die rémische Orgel von Aquincum, Stuttgart, 1970, 15
Walckermayer
15
Die rémische Orgel von Aquincum
1970
A. G. Drachmann, The Mechanical Technology of Greek and Roman An- tiquity, Copenhagen, 1963, especially I92-I96
Drachmann
I92
The Mechanical Technology of Greek and Roman Antiquity
1963
R. S. Brumbaugh, Ancient Greek Gadgets and Machines, New York, 1966
Brumbaugh
Ancient Greek Gadgets and Machines
1966
Bloch, 164
164
Blake, 248
248
20
Boithius and Ward-Perkins, PI. 139
139
MacDonald, Pl. 27
27
Neuerburg, Figs. 42, 6o
42
Winnefeld, 00oo
Kähler, 100- III
Abb. zo
Taf. 2
21
Winnefeld, 150-I68, and 154 especially
150
Gusman, 219-311
219
R. Lanciani, Storia degli scavi di Roma, Rome, 1902-191 (reprinted, Rome, 1975), II, 109-117
Lanciani
109
II
Storia degli scavi di Roma, Rome, 1902-191
1975
Auri- gemma, passim
22
Krencker, 306-319
306
Boithius and Ward-Perkins, 260-263
260
T. Dohrn, "Crustae," RM, LXXII, 1965, 127- 141
Dohrn
LXXII
RM
1965
R. Lavagne, "Villa d'Hadrien. La mosaique de vohite du crypto- portique republicain ... ," Melanges de l'&cole franqaise de Rome, LXXXv.I, 1973, 197-245
Lavagne
Villa d'Hadrien. La mosaique de vohite du cryptoportique republicain ...
197
LXXXv
Melanges de l'&cole franqaise de Rome
1973
F. B. Sear, "Roman Wall and Vault Mo- saics," RM, Ergdnzungsheft, XXIII, 1977
Sear
Roman Wall and Vault Mosaics
XXIII
Ergdnzungsheft
1977
R. Gnoli, Marmora romana, Rome, 1971
Gnoli
Marmora romana
1971
23
Winnefeld, 134
134
24
Seneca, 90.25
90
Thatcher concludes (218-220)
218
Thatcher, zig
Journal of Glass Studies, viii, 1965
viii
Journal of Glass Studies
1965
R. Giinter, Wand, Fenster und Licht ..., diss. Munich, 1965, especially his Catalogue, Part Two
Giinter
Wand, Fenster und Licht ...
1965
25
Verduchi, 70-73
70
Giuliani, who argues that such vaults enclosed secondary, hung vaults of a kind Vitruvius, 5.10.3
Giuliani
who argues that such vaults enclosed secondary, hung vaults of a kind Vitruvius
Sen- eca, 90.25
Ward-Perkins and Toynbee, Pl. XXXVII, d
XXXVII
Thatcher, n. 66
J. J. Herrmann, Jr., "Observations on the Baths of Maxentius in the Palace," RM, LXXXIII, 1976, 4Iz-413
Herrmann
412
LXXXIII
RM
1976
Giuliani, Fig. 8 and Taf. S115
26
1929
27
Ward-Perkins and Toynbee, 168, 192
168
Carettoni et al., I, 209
209
Porto, B. Lugli and G. Filibeck, II porto di Roma imperiale, Rome, 1935, 98 and Fig. 6z
Lugli
98
II porto di Roma imperiale
1935
J. Travlos, Pictorial Dictionary of Ancient Athens, London, 1971, 183 and 188
Travlos
183
Pictorial Dictionary of Ancient Athens
1971
28
Krencker, I87-235
187
P. Romanelli, Topografia e archeologia dell'Africa romana, Turin, 1970 (Enciclopedia classica, III.X.VII), 170-190
Romanelli
170
Topografia e archeologia dell'Africa romana
1970
Tavv. 128-142
29
Room J: F. Rakob, "Litus beatae veneris aureum. Untersuchungen am 'Venustempel' in Baiae," RM, LXVIII, 1961, 114-149
Rakob
114
LXVIII
RM
1961
F. E. Brown, "Hadrianic Architecture," Essays in Memory of Karl Lehmann, New York, 1964, 55-58
Brown
Hadrianic Architecture
55
Essays in Memory of Karl Lehmann
1964
"Balneum Caesaris" on the Marble Plan of Rome, Carettoni et al., I, I11-112
Carettoni
111
I
Balneum Caesaris
ii, Tav. XXXIII
Pliny the Younger, z.11.17
Bofthius and Ward-Perkins, 256
256
31
Ward-Perkins and Toynbee, 168 ("studied waywardness"), and 19z ("deliberate anarchy")
Ward-Perkins
168
studied waywardness
Crema, 404
404
32
J. B. Ward-Perkins, Roman Architecture, New York, 1977, 174
Ward-Perkins
174
Roman Architecture
1977
33
Mac- Donald, Chapters II and III
34
'Temple of Minerva Medica,' Rome, of about A.D. 320 (Boithius and Ward-Perkins, 509-5 11)
Boithius
509
Temple of Minerva Medica
N. Neuerburg, "Some Considerations on the Architecture of the Im- perial Villa at Piazza Armerina," Marsyas, viii, 1957-1958, 22-29
Neuerburg
22
viii
Marsyas
1957
Reg. I, Is. xix, no. 5
G. Calza et al., Scavi di Ostia, I, Rome, 1953, 155
Calza
155
I
Scavi di Ostia
1953
J. B. Ward Perkins, "Roman Concrete and Roman Palaces," The Listener, LVI, 1956, 703
Perkins
703
LVI
The Listener
1956
35
Ligorio: Salza Prina Ricotti, "Ligorio e Contini"
Ricotti
Ligorio e Contini
E. Mandowski and C. Mitchell, Pirro Ligorio's Roman Antiquities, London, 1963
Mandowski
Pirro Ligorio's Roman Antiquities
1963
L. H. Heydenreich and W. Lotz, Architecture in Italy, 14oo-16oo, Har- mondsworth, 1974, 381, n. 8
Heydenreich
381
Architecture in Italy, 14oo-16oo
1974
Fig. 3 and Tavv. I and III in Salza Prina Ricotti
A. Blunt, Borromini, London, 1979, 168
Blunt
168
Borromini
1979
Palladio: Zorzi, 99-xoo, Figs. z44-z46
note Fig. 141, which includes the Island Casino, unrecognized by Zorzi
J. S. Ackerman, Palladio, Har- mondsworth, 1966, 171
Ackerman
171
Palladio
1966
Borromini: Blunt, 99 and 116
99
P. Portoghesi, Borromini, London, 1968, 7-9, 4z, and 63
Portoghesi
7
Borromini
1968
Piranesi: J. G. Legrand in Grafica, II.z, 1976, I53
Legrand
153
II
Grafica
1976
J. Wilton-Ely, The Mind and Art of G. B. Piranesi, London, 1978, 4I
Wilton-Ely
41
The Mind and Art of G. B. Piranesi
1978
A. Bettagno, ed., Disegni di Giambattista Piranesi, Venice, 1978, 62 and ill. 71 (an interior of Room J, not identified by the editor)
Bettagno
62
Disegni di Giambattista Piranesi
1978
W. L. MacDonald, Piranesi's Carceri: Sources of Invention, Northampton, Mass., 1979
MacDonald
Piranesi's Carceri: Sources of Invention
1979
36
G. H. R. Wright, "Cyrene: A Survey of the Rock-Cut Features to the South of the Sanctuary of Apollo," Journal of Hellenic Studies, LXXVII, 1957, 300-31010.2307/629371
300
S. Stucchi, Architettura cirenaica, Rome, 1975, 478-479
Stucchi
478
Architettura cirenaica
1975
R. Ginouves, Balaneutike. Recherches sur le bain dans I'antiquiti grecque, Paris, 1962, Pl. LVII
Ginouves
LVII
Recherches sur le bain dans I'antiquiti grecque
1962
Pl. LIII
37
Bloch, 164
164
Kähler, Part I. Kennedy's restored plan of 1919
Kähler
Part I. Kennedy's restored plan of I919
1919
R. Lanciani, Wanderings in the Roman Campagna, London, 19009, 148- 149
Lanciani
148
Wanderings in the Roman Campagna
1909
Notizie degli scavi from 1878
1906 published by Reina and Barbieri
38
"The Roman Brick Industry and Its Relationship to Roman Architecture," JSAH, I, 1941, 3-8
3
I
JSAH
1941
"The Serapeum of Ostia and the Brickstamps of 123 A.D. A New Landmark in the History of Roman Architecture," American Journal of Archaeology, LXIII, 1959, zz5- 240
225
LXIII
American Journal of Archaeology
1959
T. Helen, Organization of Roman Brick Production in the First and Second Centuries A.D. An Interpretation of Brick Stamps, Hel- sinki, 1975
Helen
Organization of Roman Brick Production in the First and Second Centuries A.D. An Interpretation of Brick Stamps
1975
M. Steinby, "Ziegelstempel von Rom und Umgebung," Pauly-Wissowa-Kroll, Realenzyklopddie, Supp. XV, 1978, cols. 1489- I531
Steinby
Ziegelstempel von Rom und Umgebung
XV
Realenzyklopddie
1978
39
Bloch, 117-183, especially 131-133, 16z-164, 166-i68, and 182-I83
117
41
Garzetti, 386-394 and 684-686.
386
42
Vitruvius, 5.10.z
Seneca, 90.25
90
Pliny, Natural History, 9.168
Pliny
168
9
Natural History
43
Krencker, Abb. 39Ta
Winnefeld, 133
133
Blake, 248
248
Pliny the Younger, 2.z7.2z
5.6.27
44
Winnefeld, 133
133
Blake, 248
248
Aurigemma, Fig. 56
F. Rakob in Gnomon, XXXIII, 196 , 243-250
Rakob
243
XXXIII
Gnomon
Mainstone, 117-118
117
D. Baatz, "Romische Bider mit hélzernen Apodyterien," Archiol. Korre- spondenzbl., III, 1973, 345-3 50
Baatz
345
III
Archiol. Korrespondenzbl
1973
Vitruvius, 5.10.3
Giuliani. Remains of woodwork, high up in some of the rooms, were seen in the 18th century; Gusman, 197
Giuliani
197
Remains of woodwork, high up in some of the rooms, were seen in the 18th century
45
Winnefeld, 133
133
Blake, 248
248
Pl. 36.2
MacDonald, Pl. 29
29
46
G. De Angelis D'Ossat, "La forma e la costruzione delle cupole nell'archi- tettura romana," Atti del III convegno nazionale di storia dell'architet- tura, Rome, 1938 (published in 1940
D'Ossat
La forma e la costruzione delle cupole nell'architettura romana
Atti del III convegno nazionale di storia dell'architettura
1938
Saggi sull'archi- tettura etrusca e romana), zz7
Blake, 248
248
MacDonald, r 60
Mainstone, 115-122
115
Crema, 404
404
E. Hansen, La "Piazza d'Oro" e la sua cupola, Copenhagen, 1960 (Analecta romana instituti danici I, Supplemen- turn), 48-51
Hansen
Piazza d'Oro
48
e la sua cupola, Copenhagen
1960
Gnomon, xxxiii, 1961, 243-z50
Hansen himself notes, 49
49
no. 49
47
Winnefeld, 133
133
Blake, 248
248
Aurigemma, 88
88
Vighi, 32
32
Pliny the Younger, 2.17.20
Thatcher, 168-264, especially 195-199
168
Verduchi, 90-95
90
48
Gusman, 196-197
196
49
Gusman, 196
196
50
Winnefeld, 133
133
Blake, 248
248
Vitru- vius, 5.10.5
Celsus, z.17
H. Eschebach, "' laconicum et destrictarium faciund locarunt .. .': Untersuchungen in den Stabianer Thermen zu Pompeji," RM, LXXX, 1973, 235-Z42
Eschebach
235
LXXX
RM
1973
Winnefeld, 133
133
Krencker, Abb. 391 a
391
52
Vighi, 32, says it is a caldarium.
32
53
A. Desgodetz, Les idifices antiques de Rome, Paris, i68Z (reprinted, Farnborough, 1969), Plates XII, XVII, and XVIII
Desgodetz
Les idifices antiques de Rome
1682
Des- godetz's Plates XVII and XVIII are reproduced by K. de Fine Licht, The Rotunda in Rome. A Study of Hadrian's Pantheon, Copenhagen, 1968, Figs. 113 and 130
Desgodetz
The Rotunda in Rome
A Study of Hadrian's Pantheon
1968
54
Blake, 248
248
55
Vitruvius, 5.10.1
Ward- Perkins and Toynbee, 173-177, Fig. 3
173
Plates XXXVIII and XLVI, d.
J. Durm, Die Baukunst der Etrusker. Die Baukunst der Romer, Stuttgart, I895, 700-705 and Fig. 772
Durm
Die Baukunst der Etrusker
700
Die Baukunst der Romer
1895
Krencker, 009-221, 303- 304, and 332-334
332

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