The Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte of 911 settled large territory on the Normans in return for peace and conversion. But Normans roamed elsewhere, including, in particular, to South Italy around the year 1000, where they were mercenaries for the patchwork of warring local rulers. They married local princesses, built fortifications, founded churches, and gradually took over. In 1130 the youngest of the scions of the Hauteville family, Roger II, created the Norman kingdom based in Palermo. In 1066, another Norman, William, conquered England, transforming the course of English history. In The Invention of Norman Visual Culture, Lisa Reilly interrogates what these two “Norman” cultures had in common, not...

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