For decades, architectural historical scholarship on China's early Buddhist monasteries has been dominated by two sacred monument types: the pagoda that enshrined the Buddha's relics and the image hall that venerated iconic images of the Buddha.1 This narrow scope of inquiry may be attributed to the fact that, apart from a handful of masonry pagodas, almost nothing remains of these monasteries. Accordingly, scholars are forced to rely on textual sources, primarily from Buddhist and secular literature, and in most cases, these discuss only the buildings containing cultic objects—the monasteries' centers of devotional worship, referred to here as the principal buildings. The most valuable findings from these...
Buddhist Architectural Transformation in Medieval China, 300–700 CE: Emperor Wu's Great Assemblies and the Rise of the Corridor-Enclosed, Multicloister Monastery Plan
Xu Zhu studied architectural design at Zhejiang University and the University of Hong Kong. He earned his PhD in architectural history at the University of Hong Kong. His research, centering on Buddhist architecture in medieval China, emphasizes how built forms and spatial organization were shaped by the contexts of ritual, political, and social change. https://www.arch.hku.hk/staff/arch/xu-zhu
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Zhu Xu; Buddhist Architectural Transformation in Medieval China, 300–700 CE: Emperor Wu's Great Assemblies and the Rise of the Corridor-Enclosed, Multicloister Monastery Plan. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 1 December 2020; 79 (4): 393–413. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/jsah.2020.79.4.393
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