Enlightenment-era France gave rise to the world’s first deaf and blind schools: the Institute for Deaf-Mutes, founded in 1760, and the Institute for Blind Youth, founded in 1784. During the 1789 Revolution, both schools were nationalized, and disability education became the duty of the state. Housed at first in private homes and various government-expropriated properties, the two institutions eventually received renovated or rebuilt quarters in the decades after the Revolution. These projects, designed by the well-known architects Antoine- Marie Peyre and Pierre Philippon, remain overlooked in the history ofmodern architecture. In FromOutcast to Citizen: Disability, Education, and Architecture in Postrevolutionary Paris, Sun-Young Park argues that these institutions were at the forefront of contemporary discourses on education and hygiene and were key sites for the development and testing of new ideas about citizenship and social progress in the postrevolutionary era.

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