Given the scarcity of primary evidence, direct connections between geometry and the art and architecture of the early modern Islamic world have often been difficult to determine with historical accuracy. In From Measuring to Estimation: Definitions of Geometry and Architect-Engineer in Early Modern Ottoman Architecture, Gül Kale examines various definitions and uses of geometry in the Ottoman world through a close reading of a unique book on architecture written around 1614 by the scholar Caʿfer Efendi, a friend and associate of the Ottoman chief architect Mehmed Agha. A contextual analysis of Caʿfer's remarks on various definitions of geometry and the architect-engineer, and the connotations of these terms...

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