Achim Timmermann's Memory and Redemption is a beautifully produced book that deals with a neglected but important aspect of the medieval built environment. Timmermann has located and analyzed a wonderful range of public monuments in German-speaking lands across the Middle Ages. These monuments appear in many forms (as market crosses, cemetery lanterns, wayside crosses, and boundary markers, among others) and in many places, including cities and towns, monasteries and convents, forests and fields. The “monumental” in medieval art is still most often associated with either buildings or more grandiose sculpture and tomb art, but Timmermann finds evidence of monuments everywhere across the late medieval landscape and, in so...

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