In 1970 the journal Design Quarterly, published by the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis, assembled a special issue titled “Conceptual Architecture.” Included among the contributors, a selection of a dozen or so architects and architectural collaboratives, was the American pop and conceptual artist Ed Ruscha, whose submission Five 1965 Girlfriends disturbed the journal's managing editor, Mildred S. Friedman, who worried over the inclusion of a topless figure among the five portraits that made up the work (Figure 1). (The offending image was eventually struck from the final version.) The prudishness of the era aside, it is curious that there is no indication in the surviving...

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