As historians continue to probe the recesses of the totalitarian politics of the interwar years in Italy, it seems that we are gaining a more complex and variegated view of the fascist regime and its cultural legacy. These studies lead one to reflect on the disparity between the rhetorical assertions of Mussolini, particularly as conveyed in the many instruments of propaganda that were under state control, and the expression of political ideals and implementation of political policies through the arts and architecture. While the gap between art and architecture and the reactionary politics of the fascist era was used in the immediate post–World War II period as a way to save certain individuals and...

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