The Adventures of Tom Sawyer was the first novel written on a typewriter, and about his new technology Mark Twain observed how it was "full of caprices, full of defects—devilish ones" that compromised the very act of writing.1 Twain's biting and humorous description is a reminder of how our experience of modernity seems to have been forever caught up in clashes between new and old media. Archdeacon Claude Frollo's well-known prophesy of architecture's death at the hands of the printed word in Victor Hugo's Notre-Dame de Paris: "Ceci tuera cela" (This will kill that) finds a contemporary analog in the litany of eulogies bemoaning the loss of dying media as soon as Apple cofounder and CEO Steve Jobs introduced the iPad to rapt audiences in January 2010. At a time in which print media were already under stress, critics...

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