Although he is now inextricably linked with the Vienna of the first decades of the last century, Adolf Loos was not a native Viennese. Raised and educated early on in the province of Brno, in Moravia (now in the Czech Republic), he continued throughout his life to maintain a strong bond with his native land, building many of his works there. But Loos was hardly an exception. A sizeable number of the most important early modernist architects and designers in Vienna hailed from the Czech lands, among them Josef Maria Olbrich, Josef Hoffmann, Hubert Gessner, and Leopold Bauer.

For many years, the secondary literature on these figures centered almost exclusively on their works and activities in Vienna, paying scarcely any attention to the buildings and projects they produced for their homeland. One of the principal reasons for this, of course, had...

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