The Shampay House of 1919 has been commonly understood to be the very last of Frank Lloyd Wright's cruciform Prairie houses. It was planned to be erected in Beverly Hills, Illinois, but the client withdrew amid legal acrimony at the design stage. In this period, when Wright was frequently in Tokyo working on the Imperial Hotel and other commissions in Japan, Rudolph M. Schindler was left in charge of Wright's offices in the United States. While the Shampay House clearly comes out of Frank Lloyd Wright's studio, so that ownership of the design is not in question, this paper traces the controversy-between the two architects themselves as well as subsequent commentators-concerning the authorship of the project. The evidence presented unambiguously determines who conceived the design, the degree of Wright's involvement in its development, and the original contributions that Schindler brought to it. Previously unknown and unpublished blueprints and extracts from correspondence between Wright and Schindler are used extensively in the discussion.

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