Five minarets in Upper Egypt traditionally have been attributed to the patronage of the Fatimid vizier Badr al-Jamali. They were thought to symbolize his reassertion of Fatimid power in the late 11th century. A re-examination of their formal, functional, and physical contexts suggests instead that these structures were the products of local patrons who found their models not in Lower Egypt, but in the Hijaz region of Arabia.

This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.