Reports by UN-affiliated institutions, human rights organizations, academic researchers, and individual community members, as well as Palestine's Environment Quality Authority (EQA), point to the continuing transfer to the West Bank of hazardous wastes from inside Israel, and by illegal Israeli settlement industries operating in the occupied Palestinian territory (oPt). Such transfers occur in contravention of the Geneva Conventions and of binding multilateral environmental agreements such as the Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, to which both Israel and Palestine are party. This article argues that despite inherent limitations, there are opportunities for leveraging the Basel Convention to hold accountable perpetrators, given the severe environmental, health, and human rights consequences of the uncontrolled movement and disposal of waste on the Palestinian population in the oPt. To date, such opportunities have remained largely unexplored both in academia and by broader sectors of civil society.
Toxic Occupation: Leveraging the Basel Convention in Palestine
Selma Abdel-Qader is a consultant working on European environment and energy issues. She holds a law degree from the University of Bologna, a masters in environmental policy from the Institut d'Etudes Politiques de Paris (Sciences Po), and an LLM in international legal studies from Georgetown University Law Center.
Tanya Lee Roberts-Davis works alongside community advocates defending rights to land, water, livelihood, and self-determination. In 2016 and early 2017, she was based at the Legal Research and Advocacy Department of Al-Haq in Ramallah. She has a masters in international human rights law and is currently undertaking an LLM in economic, social and cultural rights at the University of Essex School of Law.
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Selma Abdel-Qader, Tanya Lee Roberts-Davis; Toxic Occupation: Leveraging the Basel Convention in Palestine. Journal of Palestine Studies 1 February 2018; 47 (2): 28–43. doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/jps.2018.47.2.28
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