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Journal Articles
Journal of Medieval Worlds (2019) 1 (1): 55–78.
Published: 01 March 2019
... apostasy? Is it not true that the Christians ( rūm ) help their brothers? Why is it that in this land Muslims are divided and Christians live in a perfect unity? 80 Ibn Khaldūn Holy War Transculturalism Historiography Jihad † Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte of Spain...
Journal Articles
Journal of Medieval Worlds (2020) 2 (1-2): 39–40.
Published: 29 June 2020
... him, without shipbuilding the sultans would leave the Mediterranean to the Byzantines and the Latins. Various other authors, such as Abbasid chroniclers, perceived the Mediterranean and especially its frontier regions as an arena of Jihad. © 2020 by The Regents of the University of California...