[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
Socialist L'Humanié, on January 16, 1913
January 16
Socialist L'Humanié
1913
"Les Théâtres subventionés pendant la guerre," preserved at the Bibliothèque de l'Opéra, Fonds Rouché, pièce 96
Charles DupÊchez, Histoire de l'Opéra de Paris: un siècle au Palais Gamier (Paris, 1984)
DupÊchez
Histoire de l'Opéra de Paris: un siècle au Palais Gamier
1984
2
Pierre Nora, ed., Les Lieux de mémoire Vol. II La Nation (Paris, 1986)
Nora
Les Lieux de mémoire
II
La Nation
1986
Jane F. Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music from the Dreyfus Affair to the First World War (New York, 1999), 216-19
Fulcher
216
French Cultural Politics and Music from the Dreyfus Affair to the First World War
1999
Maurice Agulhon, La République (1880-1932) Vol. I (Paris, 1990), 260-62
Agulhon
260
I
La Ripublique (1881-1932)
1990
3
Anton Kaes, Martin Jay, and Edward Dimendberg, eds., The Weimar Republic Sourcebook (Berkeley, CA, 1994), 474-76
Kaes
474
The Weimar Republic Sourcebook
1994
Pascal Huynh, La Musique sous la République de Weimar (Paris, 1999)
Huynh
La Musique sous la République de Weimar
1999
4
Roger Chartier, On the Edge of the Cliff, trans. by Lydia G. Cochrane (Baltimore, 1997), 90-91
Chartier
90
On the Edge of the Cliff
1997
Jane F. Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music, 15-20
15
5
Christophe Prochasson and Anne Ras- mussen, Au nom de la patrie. Les intellectuels et la première guerre mondiale (1910-1919) (Paris, 1996), 280
Rasmussen
280
Au nom de la patrie. Les intellectuels et la première guerre mondiale (1910-1919)
1996
Modris Eksteins, Rites of Spring. The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age (Toronto, 1989), 223-36
Eksteins
223
Rites of Spring. The Great War and the Birth of the Modern Age
1989
6
Martha Hanna, The Mo- bilization of Intellect. French Scholars and Writers during the Great War (Cambridge, MA, 1996), 9-10
Hanna
9
The Mobilization of Intellect. French Scholars and Writers during the Great War
1996
Hanna, The Mobilization of Intellect, 11
11
Modris Eksteins, Rites of Spring, 179ff
179ff
Eric Hobsbawm and Terrence Ranger, eds., The Invention of Tradition (Cambridge, 1983), 12
Hobsbawm
12
The Invention of Tradition
1983
Jay Winter, Sites of Memory. Sites of Mourning: the Great War in European Cultural History (Cambridge, 1995)
Winter
Sites of Memory. Sites of Mourning: the Great War in European Cultural History
1995
7
David Carroll, French Literary Fascism. Anti-Semitism and the Ideology of Culture (Princeton, NJ, 1995), 16 and 40
Carroll
16
French Literary Fascism. Anti-Semitism and the Ideology of Culture
1995
8
Prochasson and Rasmussen, Au nom de la patrie, 218.
218
9
Hanna, The Mobilization of Intellect, 9-10
9
L'Opinion, 166-68
La-countre couture, Une Adolescence du siècle. Jacques Rivière et la Nouvelle revue française (Paris, 1994), 567
567
Une Adolescence du siècle. Jacques Rivière et la Nouvelle revue française
1994
Christopher Green, Cubism and its Enemies. Modern Movements and Reaction in French Art, 1916-1928 (New Haven, 1987), 14, 153, and 190
Green
14
Cubism and its Enemies. Modern Movements and Reaction in French Art, 1916-1928
1987
Jean Darnaudet's article, "Grétry," Action franÇaise, 1 January 1917
Darnaudet
1 January
Action française
1917
Pierre Lasserre, L'Esprit de la musique française (Paris, 1917), 236
Lasserre
236
L'Esprit de la musique française
1917
11
Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities. Re- flections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism (London, 1983)
Anderson
Imagined Communities. Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism
1983
Jane F. Fulcher, "The Concert as Political Propaganda in France and the Control of 'Performative Context'," The Musical Quarterly LXXXII/1 (Spring 1998), 41-6710.2307/742235
41
12
Frédérique Patureau, Le Palais Garnier dans la société parisienne 1875-1914 (Liège, 1991), 458
Patureau
458
Le Palais Garnier dans la société parisienne 1875-1914
1991
13
DupÊchez, Histoire de l'Opéra de Paris, 150
150
"Les theatres subventiones pendant la guerre," in the Fonds Rouché, pièce 96
P. B. Gheusi, L'Opera-Comique pendant la guerre (Paris, 1919)
Gheusi
L'Opera-Comique pendant la guerre
1919
14
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 177-78
177
D.-E. Inghelbrecht, Mouvement con- traire. Souvenirs d'un musicien (Paris, 1947), 133
Inghelbrecht
133
Mouvement contraire. Souvenirs d'un musicien
1947
Albert Roussel, Lettres et écrits, ed. Nicole Labelle (Paris, 1987), 248
Roussel
248
Lettres et ecrits
1987
15
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 177-78.
177
16
Ibid.
Jacques Durand, Quelques souvenirs d'un editeur de musique (1910- 1924) (Paris, 1925), 100-01
Durand
100
Quelques souvenirs d'un editeur de musique (1910-1924)
1925
17
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 178
178
Inghelbrecht, Mouvement contraire, 154
154
18
Camille Saint-SaËns, Germanophilie (Paris, 1916)
Saint-SaËns
Germanophilie
1916
19
Michel Duchesneau, "La Musique française pendant la Guerre 1914-1918. Autour de la tentative de fusion de la Société Nationale de Musique et de la Société Musicale Indépendante," Revue de musicolo- gie LXXXI/1 (1996), 123-5310.2307/947205
123
"Ligue pour la Défense de la Musique FranÇaise," 10 mars, 1916
10 mars
Ligue pour la Défense de la Musique FranÇaise
1916
20
Jane F. Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music, esp. 32-35
32
21
Mme J. Bach-Sisley, ed., Pour la musique franÇaise. Douze causeries (Paris, 1917).
Bach-Sisley
Pour la musique franÇaise. Douze causeries
1917
22
Claude Debussy, "Préface," in Bach-Sisley, Pour la musique franÇaise, 5.
Debussy
Préface
5
Pour la musique française
23
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music, 184ff
184ff
24
Darnaudet's articles appeared in L'Action française on August 1 and 15, 1915.
Darnaudet
August 1
L'Action française
1915
25
Jean Darnaudet, "Pour la Musique franÇaise: Claude Debussy, L'Action franÇaise, 15 August 1915
Darnaudet
15 August
L'Action française
1915
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music, 184-86 and 190-94
184
Jacques Durand to Charles Koechlin, of May 19, 1917
Koechlin's Sonate pour violon et piano
Charles Koechlin, Correspondance 1867-1950 (Paris, 1982), 30-31
Koechlin
30
Correspondance 1867-1950
1982
26
Martin Cooper, French Music from the Death of Berlioz to the Death of Fauré (Oxford, 1951), 199
Cooper
199
French Music from the Death of Berlioz to the Death of Fauré
1951
Alan M. Gillmor, Erik Satie (Boston, 1988)
Gillmor
Erik Satie
1988
p. 207
27
Kenneth Silver, Esprit de Corps. The Art of the Parisian Avant-Garde and the First World War 1914-1925 (Princeton, NJ, 1989), 119
Silver
119
Esprit de Corps. The Art of the Parisian Avant-Garde and the First World War 1z94-1925
1989
Douglas Cooper, Picasso Theater (New York, 1987), 24
Cooper
24
Picasso Theater
1987
Eksteins, Rites of Spring, 175-79
175
28
Gordon Wright, France in Modern Times (New York, 1974), 314, 316, and 349
Wright
314
France in Modern Times
1974
Eksteins, 255-57
255
29
Joel Blatt, "Relatives and Rivals: the Response of the Action FranÇaise to Italian Fascism, 1919-26," European Studies Review II/3 (July 1981), 274-75 and 283
Blatt
3
274
II
European Studies Review
1981
30
Wright, France in Modern Times, 336
336
Blatt, "Relatives and Rivals," 264
264
Yves Simon, The Road to Vichy 1918-1938, trans. James A. Corbett and George J. McMorrow (New York, 1942), 40
Simon
40
The Road to Vichy 1918-1938
1942
31
Stephen Schloesser, Mystic Realists: Sacramental Modernism in French Catholic Revival, 1918-1928 (Ph.D. Dissertation, Stanford University, 1998), 278
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 256
256
Action FranÇaise was at the height of its power and influ- ence, initially appeared in four issues of La Nouvelle revue française in 1927
Michel Winock, Le Siècle des intellectuels (Paris, 1997), 195-97
Winock
195
Le Siècle des intellectuels
1997
Julien Benda, La Trahison des clercs (Paris, 1927), 131
Benda
131
La Trahison des clercs
1927
32
Marti Stavronela, "Les Grandes concerts parisiens au seuil des années 20," Revue internationale de musique française (June 1989), 21.
Stavronela
June
21
20
Revue internationale de musique française
1989
33
Palais Garnier in 1926
Inghelbrecht, Mouvement contraire, 83
83
Pierro Coppola, Dix-sept ans de musique à Paris 1922-1939 (Geneva, 1982. Original edition Lausanne, 1944), 21
Coppola
21
Dix-sept ans de musique à Paris 1922-1939
1944
Peter Fritzsche, "Did Weimar Fail?," The Journal of Modern History LXVIII (Sept. 1996), 629-5610.2307/2946770
629
Bryan Gilliam, ed., Music and Perfor- mance during the Weimar Republic (Cambridge, 1994)
Gilliam
Music and Performance during the Weimar Republic
1994
Pascal Huynh, La Musique sous la République de Weimar
34
Leonie Rosentiel, Nadia Boulanger: A Life in Music (New York, 1982), 220-22 and 280-81
Rosentiel
220
Nadia Boulanger: A Life in Music
1982
35
Agulhon, La République I, 323-25 and 356
Agulhon
I
323
La République
Wright, France in Modern Times, 351 and 387
351
Winock, Le Siècle des intel- lectuels, 144
144
Eduard Herriot assumed power, in May 1924
Mar- tyn Cornick, Intellectuals in History. The Nouvelle revue française Under Jean Paulhan 1925-1940 (Atlanta, 1995), 103
Cornick
Intellectuals in History
103
Under Jean Paulhan 1925-1940
1995
36
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 269
269
37
Jean-FranÇois Sirinelli, ed., Histoire des droites en France Vol. II Cultures (Paris, 1992), 179-80
Sirinelli
179
II
Histoire des droites en France
1992
Agulhon, 345
345
39
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics and Music, 178-84
178
128ff
Fulcher, 140
140
Martyn Cornick, Intellectuals in History, 102-03
102
Jean Lacouture, Une Adoles- cence du siècle, 564-65
Jacques Rivière's opening article in La Nouvelle revue franÇaise, June 1, 1919, p. 4
Rivière
June 1
4
La Nouvelle revue française
40
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 212, 256, and 270
212
Cornick, 98
98
Rivière's article in the Nouvelle revue franÇaise, 1 June 1919, p. 8
Rivière
1 June
8
Nouvelle revue française
1919
Winock, Le Siecle des intellectuels, 169
169
Winock, 160
160
41
Pierre Lasserre, Philosophie du goût musical (Paris, 1922), 61-62
Lasserre
61
Philosophie du gût musical
1922
42
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics, 24-35 and 120-26
24
letter to Guy Ropartz of 17 October 1916
letter to Ropartz of 4 January 1918
"Le Public et son evolu- tion," Comoedia, 1 October 1923
1 October
Comoedia
1923
"Matière et forme dans l'art musical moderne," Comoedia, 28 January 1924
28 January
Comoedia
1924
Jean Wiéner in his Allegro appa- sionato (Paris, 1978), 78-81
Wièner
78
Allegro appasionato
1978
43
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics, 24-35
24
44
Editeurs de Musique, Maurice Ravel (Paris, 1975), 31-32
Editeurs de Musique
31
Maurice Ravel
1975
45
Marcel Marnat, Maurice Ravel (Paris, 1986), 409.
Marnat
409
Maurice Ravel
1986
46
Jules Ecorcheville (killed during the war) in the Revue musicale S.LM.
Roland-Manuel, Ravel (Paris, 1938), 135-36
Roland-Manuel
135
Ravel
1938
Manuel Rosenthal, Ravel. Souvenirs, ed. by Marcel Marnat (Paris, 1995), 172
Rosenthal
172
Ravel. Souvenirs
1995
47
Arbie Orenstein, ed., A Ravel Reader. Correspondence, Articles, Interviews (New York, 1990), 113
Orenstein
113
A Ravel Reader. Correspondence, Articles, Interviews
1990
Manuel Rosenthal, Ravel. Souvenirs, 15-17 and 127
15
48
Marnat, Maurice Ravel, 486.
486
49
Orenstein, A Ravel Reader, 196.
196
50
Marnat, 486.
486
51
Orenstein, 201.
201
52
Ibid.
53
Marnat, 489
489
Ravel, Lettres Autographes 10/3/24
April 17, 1920
Jane F. Fulcher, "The Preparation for Vichy: Anti-Semitism in French Musical Culture between the Two World Wars," The Musical Quarterly LXXIX/3 (Fall 1995), 458-7510.2307/742439
458
54
Marnat, 418 and 491
418
Huynh, 68
68
55
Eugen Weber, The Hollow Years. France in the 1930s (New York, 1994), 94-95
Weber
94
The Hollow Years. France in the 1930s
1994
56
"Duo Sonata," of 1922
H. H. Stuckenschmidt, Maurice Ravel, trans. by Samuel R. Rosenbaum (Philadelphia, 1968), 195
Stuckenschmidt
195
Maurice Ravel
1968
Charles Koechlin, who ex- plained, in a letter to Max d'Ollone, of February 8, 1920
Charles Koechlin, Correspondance, 42-43
42
57
Revue critique des idees et des livres 1923, 184-85
184
Revue critique des idees et des livres
1923
58
Marnat, 529
529
59
Fulcher, French Cultural Politics, 204
204
60
Benda, La Trahison des clercs, 170
170
Ornella Volta, L'Ymagier d'Erik Satie (Paris, 1979), 65
Volta
65
L'Ymagier d'Erik Satie
1979
Wolfgang Rothert and Andreas Traub, "Zu einer unbekannten Ausgabe des "Socrate" von Erik Satie," Die Musikforschung XXXVIII/2 (1985), 1 18-21
Rothert
2
1
XXXVIII
Die Musikforschung
1985
61
Julia Kristeva, Desire in Language: a Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art (New York, 1980), 81
Kristeva
81
Desire in Language: a Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art
1980
Vincent d'Indy, Lettres a Auguste Sérieyx, ed. by M. L. Serieyx (Lau- sanne, 1961), 26
d'Indy
26
Lettres a Auguste Sirieyx
1961
65
Jann Pasler, "Paris: Conflicting Notions of Progress," in Jim Samson, ed., Music and Society. The Late Romantic Era (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1991), 408.
Pasler
Paris: Conflicting Notions of Progress
408
Music and Society. The Late Romantic Era
1991
66
Le Coq et l'arlequin was completed in the summer of 1918
Le Coq et l'arlequin
1918
Jean Cocteau, Romans, poesies, oeuvres divers, ed. by Bernard Benech (Paris, 1995), 419 and 498
Cocteau
419
Romans, poesies, oeuvres divers
1995
Francis Steegmuller, Cocteau. A Biography (Boston, 1970), 205- 07
Steegmuller
205
Cocteau. A Biography
1970
Georges Auric, Quand j'etais là (Paris, 1979), 78
Auric
78
Quandj'etais là
1979
67
Christopher Green, Cubism and its Enemies, 193
193
Jay Winter, Sites of Memory. Sites of Mourning, 215-16
215
68
Steegmuller, Cocteau, 257-59
257
Paul Collaer, A History of Modern Music (New York, 1955), 225
Collaer
225
A History of Modern Music
1955
69
Cocteau, Romans, poésies, oeuvres divers, 442
442
70
Stravinsky, in Le Sacre, of being "not yet of the race of architects."
Stravinsky
not yet of the race of architects
Le Sacre
Ibid., 431 and 446
431
71
Ibid., 424
424
Right, Les Droites en France (Paris, 1982), 37-41 and 97-98
37
Les Droites en France
1982
72
Steegmuller, Cocteau, 336-37
336
Jacques Maritain, who was close to the Action FranÇaise (until 1926)
Cocteau's Le Coq et l'arlequin in his Art et scholastique, of 1920
Cocteau
Le Coq et l'arlequin
Art et scholastique
1920
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 273
273
Stephen Schloesser, Mystic Realists, 273-94
Schloesser
273
Mystic Realists
73
Robert Wohl, "The Generation of 1914 and Modernism," in Modernism: Challenges and Perspectives, ed. by Monique Chefdor, Ricardo Quionnes, and Albert Wachtel (Ur- bana, IL, 1986), 66-78
Wohl
The Generation of 1914 and Modernism
66
Modernism: Challenges and Perspectives
1986
The Generation of 1914 (Cambridge, MA, 1979)
The Generation of 1914
1979
Matei Calinescu, "Modernism and Ideology" in Monique Chefdor, Ricardo Quionnes, and Albert Wachtel, eds., Modernism, 79-93, and especially p. 90
Calinescu
Modernism and Ideology
79
Modernism
74
Paul Landormy, La Musique française après Debussy (Paris, 1943), 115
Landormy
115
La Musique française après Debussy
1943
Huynh, 174-78 and 222-23
174
75
Rimsky-Korsakov's Ma vie musicale
Beate Kraus, "Henri Collet et Comoedia," Revue internationale de musique française (June 1989), 31-32
Kraus
June
31
Revue internationale de musique française
1989
76
Jane F. Fulcher, "Musical Style, Meaning, and Politics in France on the Eve of the Second World War," The Journal of Musicology XIII/4 (Fall 1995), 425-5310.2307/763894
425
77
Jeremy Drake, The Operas of Darius Milhaud (New York, 1989), 140-51
Drake
140
The Operas of Darius Milhaud
1989
Fulcher, "The Preparation for Vichy."
Nouvelle re- vue française
Francis Poulenc, Correspondance 1910-1963 ed. by Myriam Chimènes (Paris, 1994), 230
Poulenc
230
Correspondance 1910-1963
1994
Fulcher, "Musical Style, Meaning, and Politics in France."
Collaer, A History of Modern Music, 243
243
78
Schoenberg
Darius Milhaud, Notes sur la musique. Essais et chroniques, ed. Jeremy Drake (Paris, 1982), 132-33
Milhaud
132
Notes sur la musique. Essais et chroniques
1982
79
Jean Wiéner, Allegro appasionato (Paris, 1978), 40-44, 47-49 and 163
Wiéner
40
Allegro appasionato
1978
Myriam Chimènes, "La Princesse Edmond de Polignac et la creation musicale," in Hughues Dufourt and JoËl-Marie Fouquet, eds., La Musique et le pouvoir (Paris, 1987), 140
Chimènes
La Princesse Edmond de Polignac et la creation musicale
140
La Musique et le pouvoir
1987
81
Wiéner, Allegro appasionato, 47 and 75-77
47
Agulhon, 351
351
82
Richard Taruskin, Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions (Berkeley, 1996), 1514-16
Taruskin
1514
Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions
1996
83
Roland-Manuel, writing in L'Eclair in 1922
Roland-Manuel
L'Eclair
1922
Wiéner, 14
14
84
Wiéner, 49
49
Wiéner points out (49-52)
49
85
Wiéner, 66
66
Fulcher, "The Preparation for Vichy," 458
458
Jean-FranÇois Sirinelli, ed., Histoire des droites en France II, 173
Sirinelli
173
II
Histoire des droites en France
Ibid., 174
174
Prochasson and Rasmussen, 271
271
86
Wiéner, 66
66
Mavra in 1924
Taruskin, Stravinsky and the Russian Traditions, 591-96
591
87
Léonie Rosentiel, Nadia Boulanger, 197-99
197
88
Kenneth Silver, Esprit de Corps, 50
50
letter of Nadia Boulanger to Charles Koechlin, of 1917
Koechlin, Correspondance, 33-35
33
89
Robert Bernard, Les Tendances de la musique française moderne. Cours d'esthetique. Huit conferences prononcées au Conservatoire Internationale de Paris et en Sorbonne (Paris, 1930)
Bernard
Les Tendances de la musique française moderne
1930
Theodor W. Adorno, Philosophy of Modern Music, trans. by Anne G. Mitchell and Wesley V. Bloomster (London, 1973), 135-43
Adorno
135
Philosophy of Modern Music
1973
90
Robert Bernard, Tendances de la musique française moderne, 124
124
211
91
Igor Stravinsky, An Autobiography (London, 1936), 174-76
Stravinsky
174
An Autobiography
1936
Harvey Sachs, Music in Fascist Italy (New York, 1987), 129
Sachs
129
Music in Fascist Italy
1987
92
Bernard, 125-28
125
93
Edward W. Said, Representations of the Intellectual. The 1993 Reith Lectures (New York, 1994), xv, and 12-13
Said
12
xv
Representations of the Intellectual. The 1993 Reith Lectures
1994
The World, the Text, and the Critic (Cambridge, MA, 1983), 80-83
80
The World, the Text, and the Critic
1983
Christophe Charle, Nais- sance des "intellectuels" 1880-1900 (Paris, 1990)
Charle
Naissance des "intellectuels" 1880-1900
1990
Jacques Julliard and Michel Winock, eds., Dictionnaire des intellectuels franÇais (Paris, 1996)
Julliard
Dictionnaire des intellectuels franÇais
1996
Robert Hatten, "Grounding Interpretation: A Semiotic Framework for Musical Hermeneutics," The Amer- ican Journal of Semiotics XIII/ 1-4 (Fall 1996), 25-42
Hatten
1
25
XIII
The American Journal of Semiotics
1996
94
Richard Taruskin, who astutely noted the issues involved, in "The Dark Side of Modern Music," The New Republic, Sept.5, 1988, 28-34
Taruskin
Sept.5
28
The New Republic
1988
Music in Fascist Italy (136)
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