[Footnotes]

[Footnotes]
1
The Musical Times, XIX/420 (February I, 1878), p. 78a
February 1
78a
XIX
The Musical Times
1878
2
Henry C. Lahee, Annals of Music in America (Boston, 1922), p. 74.
Lahee
74
Annals of Music in America
1922
4
New-York Times, February 19, 1878, p. 5, col. 4.
February 19
5
New-York Times
1878
5
"Sweet Singers Wanted," New-York Times, February 10, 1878, p. 8, col. I
February 10
8
New-York Times
1878
6
Louis C. Elson, The History of American Music (New York, 1901), p. 335
Elson
335
The History of American Music
1901
John Tasker Howard, Our American Music, 4th ed. (New York, 1965), P. 291
Howard
4
291
Our American Music
1965
Williams' Cincinnati City Directory, 1853, p. 327: "Lewis Ritter, professor of music, 577 Sycamore"
Lewis Ritter, professor of music, 577 Sycamore
327
Williams' Cincinnati City Directory
1853
1855, p. 183: "Lewis Ritter, professor of music, 308 Race"
1856, p. 227: "Louis Ritter, music teacher, 308 Race"
1858, p. 199: "Lewis Ritter, music teacher, 333 Vine."
Williams' Cincinnati City Directory, 1860, lists him still at 333 Vine
Williams' Cincinnati City Directory
1860
Alexander Flamant's The Realm of Tones (New York: Edward Schuberth, 1882), p. 32
Flamant
32
The Realm of Tones
1882
7
Music in America, 2d ed. (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1890), p. vi.2
vi
Music in America
1890
8
W. S. B. Mathews, A Hundred Years of Music in America (Chicago: G. L. Howe, 1889), p. 688
Mathews
688
A Hundred Years of Music in America
1889
Symphony No. 2
Music in America (1890), pp. 365-66
365
Music in America
1890
9
Music in America (1890), p. 287 n.
287 n
Music in America
1890
10
Ibid., p. 426
426
James Monroe Trotter, Music and Some Highly Musical People (Boston: Lee and Shepard, 1878), p. 324
Trotter
324
Music and Some Highly Musical People
1878
11
Waldo S. Pratt at the close of his preface to the American Supplement, Grove's Dictionary (1920, 1928, 1935)
Pratt
Grove's Dictionary
1935
12
George Hood, A History of Music in New England (Boston: Wilkins, Carter & Co., 1846).
Hood
A History of Music in New England
1846
13
Nathaniel Gould, Church Music in America (Boston: A. N. Johnson, 1853).
Gould
Church Music in America
1853
14
Music in America (1890), p. 436.
436
Music in America
1890
15
pp. 264 and 276
page 350
16
Trotter, pp. 341-43
341
Cuney-Hare, p. 198
Trotter as Sement for Serment on his page 341
341
Sement for Serment
17
pp. 237-38
Dédé's "last composi- tion" Le Serment de l'Arabe published at pages 53-59 of Trotter's appendix
Dédé
last composition
53
Le Serment de l'Arabe
21
W. Calvin Chase's Washington, D. C., newspaper The Bee, V/42 (March 19, 1887), 3:3
Chase
March 19
3
V
The Bee
1887
VI/12 (August 20, 1887), I:4
The Bee, March, 19, 1887, 3:3
March
3
19
The Bee
1887
23
William Edward Farrison, William Wells Brown: Author and Reformer (Chicago, 1969)
Farrison
William Wells Brown: Author and Reformer
1969
The Anti-Slavery Harp: A Collection of Songs for Anti-Slavery Meetings (Boston: Bela Marsh, 1848 (2d ed., 1849)))2
1849
The Anti-Slavery Harp: A Collection of Songs for Anti-Slavery Meetings
1848
24
The National Archives, Application 838,853
No. 672,527
Massa- chusetts 1880 Census, Vol. 22
25
Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, for the year ending December 31, 1865 (Boston: Wright & Potter, 1866), pp. 564-65.
564
Annual Report of the Adjutant-General of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, for the year ending December 31, 1865
1866
26
Obituaries in the Boston Evening Transcript, February 27, 1892, 9:2-3
February 27
2
9
Boston Evening Transcript
1892
New-York Daily Tribune, February 28, 1892, 7:4
February 28
4
7
New-York Daily Tribune
1892
27
National Archives, Microcopy M 123 Roll No. 16, 1890
Supervisor's District No. 67
Enumeration District No. 659, P. 2
28
National Archives, Certificate No. 672,527 (see fn. 24)
29
Music and Some Highly Musical People, p. 317
317
p. 309
30
Isaac M. Martin, History of the Schools of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, 1900), pp. 184-85
Martin
184
History of the Schools of Cincinnati
1900
John B. Shotwell, A History of the Schools of Cincinnati (Cincinnati, 1902), p. 453
Shotwell
453
A History of the Schools of Cincinnati
1902
Wendell Phillips Dabney, Cincinnati's Colored Citizens (Cincinnati, 1926), p. 103
Dabney
103
Cincinnati's Colored Citizens
1926
31
Shotwell, p. 453
453
Dabney, p. 103
103
32
Shotwell, pp. 454-55.
454
33
Walter Sutton, The Western Book Trade: Cin- cinnati as a 19th-Century Publishing & Book-Trade Center (Columbus, Ohio, 1961), p. 82
Sutton
82
The Western Book Trade: Cincinnati as a 19th-Century Publishing & Book-Trade Center
1961
David Truax, 1853-56
34
Picture of Cincinnati: The Cincinnati Almanac, for 1840 (Cincinnati: Glezen and Shepard, 1840), p. 77
77
Picture of Cincinnati: The Cincinnati Almanac, for 1840
1840
35
Music and Some Highly Musical People, pp. 317-18
317
ibid., p. 274
274
36
Dictionary of National Biography, IX, 382-83.
382
IX
Dictionary of National Biography
37
Music and Some Highly Musical People, p. 317.
317
38
Ibid., p. 318.
318
39
Obituary in Boston Evening Transcript, February 27, 1892, 9:2.
February 27
2
9
Boston Evening Transcript
1892
40
William J. Simmons, Men of Mark: Eminent, Progressive and Rising (Cleveland: Geo. M. Rewell & Co., 1887), p. 760
Simmons
760
Men of Mark: Eminent, Progressive and Rising
1887
41
Williams' 1867 Cincinnati Directory, p. 360
Williams
360
Cincinnati Directory
1867
Wil- liams' 1857 Cincinnati Directory, p. 207
Williams
207
Cincinnati Directory
1857
42
John P. Foote, The Schools of Cincinnati, and its Vicinity (Cincinnati: C. F. Bradley & Co.'s Power Press, 1855), p. 92.
Foote
92
The Schools of Cincinnati, and its Vicinity
1855
44
Simmons, p. 837.
837
45
William Wells Brown, The Rising Son; or The Antecedents and Advancement of the Colored Race (Boston: A. G. Brown & Co., 1874), p. 391.
Brown
391
The Rising Son; or The Antecedents and Advancement of the Colored Race
1874
46
William E. Peters, Athens County, Ohio, I (Athens, Ohio, 1947), p. 57.
Peters
57
I
Athens County, Ohio
1947
47
Ibid., p. 58.
58
49
William Wells Brown, The Rising Son, p. 391.
391
50
National Archives, C No. 2511782 (William H. Dupree Pension File)
51
Annual Report of the Adjutant-General, of the Commonwealth of Massachu- setts ... for the year ending December 31, 1863 (Boston: Wright & Potter, 1864), pp. 906-9.
906
Annual Report of the Adjutant-General, of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts ... for the year ending December 31, 1863
1864
52
William Wells Brown, The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and his Fidelity (Boston: A. G. Brown & Co., 1880), p. 255
Brown
255
The Negro in the American Rebellion: His Heroism and his Fidelity
1880
Brown had already published the same "eyewitness account" in The Rising Son (1874), p. 391
Brown
eyewitness account
391
The Rising Son
1874
53
Joseph T. Wilson, The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States (Hartford, Conn.: The American Publishing Company, 1887), pp. 505-7.
Wilson
505
The Black Phalanx: A History of the Negro Soldiers of the United States
1887
54
Music and Some Highly Musical People, p. 315.
315
55
Ibid., pp. 310-II.
310
56
Eileen Southern, The Music of Black Americans: A History (New York, 1997), p. 228
Southern
228
The Music of Black Americans: A History
1997
National Archives, Application for Widow's Pension No. 371,048, Cer- tificate 289,914
57
Music and Some Highly Musical People, p. 308
308
J. Thomas Scharf and Thompson Westcott, History of Philadelphia 1609-1884 (Philadelphia: L. H. Everts & Co., 1884), II, 1092
Scharf
1092
II
History of Philadelphia
1884
A. J. R. Conner (Chestnut Street promenade quadrilles, 1850, and five other dance pieces, 1845-47)
Conner
five other dance pieces
Chestnut Street promenade quadrilles
1850
A. J. R. Connor (Connor's third set of polka quadrilles, 1850)
Connor
Connor's third set of polka quadrilles
1850
A. F. R. Conner (I. O. of O. F. Quadrilles, n.d.)
58
Music and Some Highly Musical People, pp. 308-9.
308
59
Ibid., p. 309.
309
60
The Boston Directory embracing the City Record ... for the year commencing July 1, 1866 (Boston: Sampson, Davenport, and Company, 1866), pp. 152, 454.
152
The Boston Directory embracing the City Record ... for the year commencing July 1, 1866
1866
61
1868 Directory, pp. 208, 582.
208
Directory
1868
62
Music and Some Highly Musical People, pp. 315-16
315
63
National Archives, 1860 Census, Reel 1030, Springfield Township, Ross County, Ohio (enumerated June 7, 1860), p. 14, 95/93
64
National Archives, General Affidavit dated June 26, 1908, accompanying Certificate No. 672,527
65
History of Ross and Highland Counties, Ohio (Cleveland: Williams Bros., 1880), p. 181
181
History of Ross and Highland Counties, Ohio
1880
Trotter, p. 313
313
66
National Archives, Application for Widow's Pension 838,853, Certificate No. 672,527.
67
Obituary in Boston Evening Transcript, October 17, 1919, 20:6-7.
October 17
6
20
Boston Evening Transcript
1919
68
Ibid., February 27, 1892, 9:2.
February 27
2
9
Boston Evening Transcript
1892
69
Ibid., October 17, 1919, 20:6.
October 17
6
20
Boston Evening Transcript
1919
70
fn. 108
71
Massachusetts 1880 Census, Vol. 22
Enumeration District 519, Sheet 49
72
Raymond L. Kilgour, Lee and Shepard: Publishers for the People (Hamden, Conn., 1965), p. 273.
Kilgour
273
Lee and Shepard: Publishers for the People
1965
73
Ibid., p. 279.
279
74
Ibid., p. 162.
162
75
Ibid., pp. 10, 274.
10
76
Simmons, p. 838.
380
77
Henry Greenleaf Pearson, The Life of John A. Andrew Governor of Massa- chusetts 1861-1865 (Boston, 1904), II, 63-121 ("The Negro Soldier")
Pearson
63
II
The Life of John A. Andrew Governor of Massachusetts 1861-1865
1904
Washington, D.C., black newspaper, The Bee, VI/II (August 13, 1887), 2:5
August 13
5
The Bee
1887
78
Cuney-Hare, p. 222.
79
Boston Evening Transcript, February 27, 1892, 9:2.
February 27
2
9
Boston Evening Transcript
1892
80
Simmons, p. 73.
73
81
Edward Ingle, The Negro in the District of Columbia (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1893), p. 49.
Ingle
49
The Negro in the District of Columbia
1893
82
Simmons, pp. 838, 840.
838
83
Ibid., p. 841.
841
84
Simmons, pp. 118-32
118
85
The Bee, May 21, 1887, 2:1
May 21
1
2
The Bee
1887
June 25, 1887, 2:2-4
July 23, 1887, 2:2-3
August 6, 1887, 2:2
August 13, 1887, 2:5
September Io, 1887, 2:4
October 22, 1887, 2:4
April 14, 1888, 5:2
May 12, 1888, 2:5
June 2, 1888, 2:5
June 16, 1888, 5:2
July 7, 1888, 2:3
July 14, 1888, 2:4 and 3:2
August 11, 1888, 2:3
October 6, 1888, 2:5
86
Simmons, p. 549.
549
87
The Bee, V/48 (April 30, 1887), 2:I.
April 30
I
The Bee
1887
88
Simmons, p. 120.
120
89
Trotter's p. 344 as "Maurice J. B. Doublet," he is one of the few blacks listed with music as his chief occupation in Soards' New Orleans City Directory for 1875
Trotter
Maurice J. B. Doublet
344
Soards' New Orleans City Directory
1875
Trotter, pp. 341-43, 127-52
341
Basile Barés, pp. 341, 60-68
Trotter, p. 346
346
Trotter, p. 348
348
Trotter, pp. 346, 347
346
90
Grove's Dictionary, Amercan Supplement, ed. Waldo S. Pratt and Charles N. Boyd (1935), p. 281
Pratt
281
Grove's Dictionary, Amercan Supplement
1935
91
The Music of Black Americans, pp. 123, 552
123
101
The Bee, V/44 (April 2, 1887), 2:2
April 2
2
V
The Bee
1887
V/49 (May 7, 1887), 3:2
93
Ibid., VI/8 (July 23, 1887), 2:2.
July 23
2
VI
The Bee
1887
94
Ibid., VI/4 (June 25, 1887), 2:4.
June 25
2
VI
The Bee
1887
95
Ibid., VI/10 (August 6, 1887), 2:5.
August 6
2
VI
The Bee
1887
96
Ibid., VI/II (August 13, 1887), 2:5.
August 13
2
VI
The Bee
1887
97
Ibid., VI/16 (September 17, 1887), 3:4.
September 17
3
VI
The Bee
1887
98
The Bee, July 2, 1887, 2:3
July 2
2
The Bee
1887
99
The Bee, VIII/23 (November 2, 1889), 3:I
November 2
3
VIII
The Bee
1889
100
Grove's, American Supple- ment, p. 142
142
Grove's, American Supplement
101
The Bee, June 16, 1888, 5:2
June 16
5
The Bee
1888
102
The Bee, June 18, 1887
June 18
The Bee
1887
103
The Bee, August 4, 1888, 2:2.
August 4
2
The Bee
1888
104
Ibid., January 12, 1889, 1:4.
January 12
1
The Bee
1889
105
Ibid., October 22, 1887, 1:6.
October 22
1
The Bee
1887
106
National Archives, Certificate 672,527
fnn. 24, 28, 66
107
William Harrison's article, "William Monroe Trotter," Phylon, VII/3 (Fall, 1946), 237-45
Harrison
Fall
237
VII
Phylon
1946
108
New York Times, April 8, 1934, 30:4
April 8
4
30
New York Times
1934
109
Music and Some Highly Musical People, pp. 326-27.
326
110
Ibid., p. 328.
328
111
The Tom Fletcher Story: too Years of the Negro in Show Business (New York, 1954), pp. 67-76
67
The Tom Fletcher Story: too Years of the Negro in Show Business
1954
Sam Lucas' Careful Man Songster (Chicago and Boston: White, Smith & Co., 1881)
Sam Lucas' Careful Man Songster
1881
112
Music and Some Highly Musical People, p.III.
III
113
Biography to 1871 in G. D. Pike, Jubilee Songs (Boston: Lee and Shepard), pp. 43-48.
Pike
Biography to 1871
43
Jubilee Songs
1871
114
Biography in Grove's, American Supplement, p. 42.
Biography
42
Grove's, American Supplement
116
"Blind Tom, Musical Prodigy," Georgia Historical Quarterly, LI/3 (September, 1967), 336-358, by Norborne T. N. Robinson, Jr. (1876-1947)
Robinson
September
336
LI
Georgia Historical Quarterly
1967
117
The Musical Herald, V/4 (April, 1884), 106
April
106
V
The Musical Herald
1884
This content is only available via PDF.

Article PDF first page preview

Article PDF first page preview