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Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (2): 273–302.
Published: 01 April 2015
... Europe to southern California. This biology, which Ritter termed “organismal,” had to challenge reductionist and mechanist approaches to life sciences, including Weismann’s and Mendelian’s theories of heredity, both considered ideologically biased, politically dangerous, and scientifically flawed. Ritter...