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Keywords: genetics
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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 349–388.
Published: 01 June 2017
... who served as public scientists or the role gender played in gaining public trust and influencing policy makers. This paper examines two women, both trained in genetics, who became activists in the 1950s and 1960s to educate the public about the dangers radiation and wartime chemicals posed to the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 549–576.
Published: 01 September 2015
... Mendelian genetics, the idea that careful breeding of thoroughbreds would result in improved horses resonated with Americans worried about racial degeneration. Scientists committed to racial ideologies looked to thoroughbreds—whose owners and breeders maintained extensive pedigree records—to understand the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (1): 14–48.
Published: 01 February 2015
... against the health hazards of ionizing radiation. Radiological protection guidelines focused on preventing the somatic effects of radiation—leukemia, cancer, and life-shortening—for which experts postulated a safety threshold. By contrast, the genetic effects of ionizing radiation on an individual’s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (4): 429–456.
Published: 01 November 2010
...Bernd Gausemeier During the Third Reich, the biological institutes of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society (KWG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gesellschaft) underwent a substantial reorganization and modernization. This paper discusses the development of projects in the fields of biochemical genetics, virus research...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (4): 457–498.
Published: 01 November 2010
... the National Institute of Genetics for Grain Cultivation (Italy) and by Antóónio Sousa da Cââmara at the National Agronomic Experiment Station (Portugal), both of whom took wheat as their prime experimental object of genetics research. The main argument is that the production of standardized organisms...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (4): 532–568.
Published: 01 November 2010
...Christophe Bonneui; Frederic Thomas This article argues that "genetic modernism" in seeds was simultaneously a technoscientific and a political project that materialized under wartime Vichy's proto-fascist regime and that contributed to shaping and legitimizing Vichy as a "planner state." The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (1): 48–78.
Published: 01 February 2010
...Audra J. Wolfe The American response to Lysenkoism took place at a crucial moment in the evolving relationship between science and the public. Like many professional scientific organizations in the early Cold War, the Genetics Society of America (GSA) resisted involvement in political issues. In...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2007) 37 (suppl): 35–72.
Published: 01 March 2007
...Doogab Yi This paper examines the contested "biological" meaning of the genetic effects of radiation amid nuclear fear during the 1950s and 1960s. In particular, I explore how the question of irreversibility, a question that eventually led to the discovery of DNA repair, took shape in the context...