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world-war-ii

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 673–684.
Published: 01 November 2018
... computational statistics data mining data sciences big data pattern recognition instrumentalism Leo Breiman MATTHEW L. JONES* How We Became Instrumentalists (Again): Data Positivism since World War II ABSTRACT In the last two decades, a highly instrumentalist form of statistical and machine learning...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 338–379.
Published: 01 June 2018
...* The Price of Gravity: Private Patronage and the Transformation of Gravitational Physics after World War II ABSTRACT This paper examines how various private patrons intervened to support research in gravitational physics from the late 1940s through the early 1960s. Our analysis centers primarily on two...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2002) 33 (1): 131–159.
Published: 01 September 2002
..., instrumentalist approach to theory. ©© Regents of the University of California DAVID KAISER* Cold War requisitions, scientific manpower, and the production of American physicists after World War II HSPS, Volume 33, Part 1, pages 131-159. ISSN 0890-9997. ©2002 by The Regents of the University of California...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (2): 225–258.
Published: 01 May 2010
... prewar traditions, taking the form of a feudal regime of Parisian research schools until the late 1950s. As the first post-World War II generation gained power and influence, research schools tended to drop their local specificity and the same disciplinary matrix spread across the country. This...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2001) 32 (1): 19–40.
Published: 01 September 2001
...Stephane Castonguay ©© Regents of the University of California STEPHANE CASTONGUAY* The emergence of research specialties in economic entomology in Canadian government laboratories after World War II HSPS, Volume 32, Part 1, pages 19-40. ISSN 0890-9997. ©2001 by The Regents of the University...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2000) 31 (1): 55–92.
Published: 01 January 2000
... federal-private coop- eration before World War II," Isis, 81 (1990), 188-213, on 201. 10 Lance E. Davis and Daniel J. Kevles, "The National Research Fund: A case study in the industrial support of academic science," Minerva, 12:2 (Apr 1974), 207-220, on 207 Kevles, The physicists: The history of a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1999) 30 (1): 1–47.
Published: 01 January 1999
... and the statesmen: Niels Bohr's political crusade during World War II IN THIS ARTICLE, I will describe in some detail the refugee Danish scientist Niels Bohr's veritable political crusade for an "open world," as he pursued it in England and the United States toward the end of World War II. The driving...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (1993) 23 (2): 279–300.
Published: 01 January 1993
.... ref. 83 87 L. Hoddeson, "The Los Alamos implosion program in World War II: A model for postwar American research," in M. De Maria, M. Grilli, and F. Sebastiani, eds., International Conference on The Restructuring of Physical Sciences in Europe and the United States, 1945-1960, Proceedings...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 441–474.
Published: 01 September 2018
...Victoria Lee The domestication of penicillin production in Japan was a priority for the Allied occupation government (1945–1952) immediately after World War II, since manufacturing the drug using raw materials available locally would lower the cost of the occupation. In place of employing the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2012
...Megan Barnhart Sethi Immediately following World War II, atomic scientists and their colleagues in other disciplines formed the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) and dedicated themselves to increasing public knowledge about atomic energy and the need for international control. FAS scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 471–503.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Tal Arbel This article examines Hebrew translations of World War II–era psychology handbooks as means of transmission for scientific knowledge and as a mechanism for the cross-cultural spread of behavioral modernity. While drawing a broad, vivid picture of transnational military mobilities postwar...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 259–299.
Published: 01 June 2018
...Michael J. Barany This paper accounts for the intercontinental elaboration of French mathematician Laurent Schwartz’s theory of distributions in the years immediately following World War II by tracing how mathematicians explained the theory to each other, advanced new interpretations, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 349–388.
Published: 01 June 2017
...Marsha L. Richmond With the onset of the atomic age in 1945, geneticists increasingly spoke out about how nuclear fallout and radiation impacted heredity and reproduction. The scholarship discussing post–World War II activism focuses almost exclusively on males, with little attention given to women...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (5): 341–388.
Published: 01 November 2012
... scientific identity. As director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington after World War II, Tuve followed a convoluted path through the institutions, politics, identities, and sensibilities of science in the cold war, and he struggled to preserve a sense of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2013) 43 (4): 492–530.
Published: 01 September 2013
...Rachel Rothschild The U.S. military first sponsored ecological research during World War II to monitor the release of radioactive effluent into waterways from plutonium production. The Atomic Energy Commission later expanded these investigations to include studies of radioactive fallout at the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (1): 14–48.
Published: 01 February 2015
...Angela N. H. Creager Following World War II, the publication of accounts such as John Hersey’s Hiroshima (1946) documented the devastating effects of atomic weaponry on inhabitants of the two Japanese cities targeted by atomic bombs. Yet the American government presented a positive image of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (5): 470–502.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Simone Turchetti After World War II had ended, Italy, not unlike other developed countries, held the ambition to establish an atomic energy program. The Peace Treaty of 1947 forbade its administration from seeking to acquire atomic weaponry, but in 1952 a national research committee was set up to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2008) 38 (1): 5–44.
Published: 01 February 2008
...John Krige The U.S. emerged from World War II as the world's leading scientific and technological nation, consolidating its advantage for the next two or three decades. This paper describes how the State Department used the nation's dominance in the nuclear field, inherited from the Manhattan...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2009) 39 (2): 129–170.
Published: 01 May 2009
... of science and the history of race and migration in the United States, tracing the interplay among Li's scientific work, his migrations, his career aspirations, and his legal status in the United States. A Chinese intellectual cast adrift by the shifting geopolitics of World War II and the early Cold...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2010) 40 (4): 532–568.
Published: 01 November 2010
... towards superseding a nexus of biocultural crop evolutionary processes under farmers' management with centralized planning of genetic progress. This turned Vichy France into a huge biopolitical laboratory. It also left major legacies in the post––World War II decades. ©© 2010 by The Regents of the...