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women-science

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 311–322.
Published: 28 May 2020
... Chapters 7 and 8, the authors present some instances of so-called harmony between science and religion. In the first case, Ruse explains how the sacred scriptures of most world religions privilege men over women. Like- wise, the Scientific Revolution did little to change the established view of male...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 217–247.
Published: 28 May 2020
...: Men, Women and Modern Machines in America, 1870 1945 (Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press, 1999). I ND EBT ED TO NO ONE | 227 of America published profiles and obituaries throughout the last decade of the nineteenth century that celebrated both the work and character of American geologists. Woven...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... departments; focused on distinct periods, actors, texts, and social relations; and differed, too, in their reactions to challenges posed by social, intellectual, cultural, women s, labor, and environmental history, the history of ideas, STS (Science and Technology Studies), and other pertinent area studies...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 183–198.
Published: 02 April 2020
... physicians reached the same conclusion: poor health and inadequate nutrition during pregnancy, prematurity, and accidents of childbirth cause birth defects. Thus, we must offer better care of pregnant and birthing women. Consequently, discussions about prevention, aetiology, and pathogenesis of diseases...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 556–565.
Published: 01 November 2019
... (131). Early twentieth-century pedometers were used to track the drink- ing habits of men and the debutante behaviors of women in one case, a Con- necticut girl s pedometer tracked that she danced enough to cover thirty-one miles (132) in one night. Different steps were counted for different reasons...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 471–503.
Published: 01 November 2019
...-1948 Jewish community) leadership in preparation for the imminent confrontation with neighboring Arab armies that, it was assumed, would invade the country upon British evacuation.45 Collectively designated Machal (Hebrew acronym for volunteers from abroad these men and women were more than just...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 420–446.
Published: 01 September 2019
... Canal and by comparing Lowell to his fellow canal champion, Theodore Roosevelt (1858 1919). Though Lowell was a conservative Republican in opposition to many of his party s more egalitarian social reforms, especially women s suffrage and labor unions, the scientific claims he made to the American public...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 351–383.
Published: 01 September 2019
... belonging in this county. KEY WORDS: genetic history, globalization, the politics of national identity, population genetics, South Korea *Department III, Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science, Boltzmannstraße 22, 14195 Berlin; jhyun@mpiwg-berlin.mpg.de The following abbreviations are used: GRF...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (3): 241–272.
Published: 01 June 2019
... hamper. Each hamper weighed about 35 pounds and each worker would carry his by hand around the orchard and later to the processing and packing facility. There, the fruit was hand-sorted by native women, without the use of mechanical grading tables (Fig. 7).58 For their labor, Burke reported...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (2): 194–225.
Published: 01 April 2019
... see: Michael Mahoney, Boys Toys and Women s Work: Feminism Engages Software, in Feminism in Twentieth-Century Science, Technology, and Medicine, ed. Angela N. H. Creager, Elizabeth Lunbeck, and Londa L. Schiebinger (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001), 169 85; Ensmenger, The Computer Boys...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (1): 104–115.
Published: 01 February 2019
... and how to prevent reproduction by imbecile and idiotic women (146) were already major concerns for public health officials in the mid-nineteenth century. During this period, Genetics in the Madhouse also traces early hereditary con- cepts, which to the contemporary ear sound like a gene, such as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 594–603.
Published: 01 November 2018
... reported the highest proportion of war-related mental illness. The differences, however, were modest, except in the fourth group, where the percentage of cases attributed to war and occu- pation was about half the maximum level. He divided his patients between men and women, as asylum tables always did...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 568–580.
Published: 01 November 2018
... as they were aiming to portray society s present condition as accurately as possible, statisticians wanted the results of their efforts to be put to use. For this reason, Engel produced census results within the tightest possible time frames; a carefully nurtured workforce including many women...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (5): 648–658.
Published: 01 November 2018
... reconstructed. This invariably involved a lot of calculations. Crystallographers used mathematical tables, other paper tools, and hand- cranked adding machines to help with the work. They employed computors, usually young women who had just graduated from local high schools, to perform the calculations. From...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 526–535.
Published: 01 September 2018
... and valuable insight for historians of science in many places, regarding the cooptation of Spencer s theory of social evolution and energy conservation, for instance, into political discourse surrounding nineteenth-century infertility. Infertile white women were increas- ingly understood in terms of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 441–474.
Published: 01 September 2018
... “economic miracle” (1950s to early 1970s), and I highlight the intellectual dimensions that were specific to Japanese science by comparison with other national cases of penicillin domestication. Beyond the transfer of submerged culture fermentation technology for antibiotic mass production, a distinctive...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (4): 536–547.
Published: 01 September 2018
..., Sahlins explores the ways seventeenth-century French men and women used animals to theorize absolutism. If Louis XIV was the state, so too was he the public sphere. The writers and artists who instigated the Year of the Animal revolved around the Royal Court and often received royal patronage. The animals...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 300–337.
Published: 01 June 2018
... Pointers and Pathways in Research: Six Lectures in the Fields of Organic Chemistry and Medicine, ed. Maeve O Connor (Bombay: CIBA of India Ltd., 1963), 22 41, on 41. 39. Chemist Anne M. Wilson has connected the chronic underrepresentation of women in organic synthesis compared with other fields of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (3): 259–299.
Published: 01 June 2018
... reconciled existing ones. Situating distributions in mathematicians’ changing contexts of funding, travel, and publication, especially in connection with the postwar reconstruction of international science, I argue that wordplay and suggestive comparisons—often termed “abuses of language”—helped tie...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (2): 246–257.
Published: 01 April 2018
... manliness rou- tinely carried defensive undertones. In Masculinity and Science in Britain, 1831 1918, she notes that, with a few exceptions, historians of science employ gender as an analytical category only when women feature explicitly in a story. Although we have a rich literature on narratives of female...