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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... Literacy,” a metaphor and a political vision conceived to bring about the Socialist “Information Age.” © 2019 by the Regents of the University of California 2019 algorithm Cold War computer science A. Ershov Information Age D. Knuth programming Soviet education KSENIA TATARCHENKO...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485637–647 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.637
Published: 01 November 2018
... spectacular failure of the center belies an ultimate success: its data-driven vision itself predicted the Philip K. Dick–style PreCrime policing now emerging. The UCLA violence center thus offers an alternative genealogy to predictive policing. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475653–677 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.653
Published: 01 November 2017
... formulated by Schwann and then Virchow in the 1830s–1850s. One of the main factors put forward is the influence of Comtean positivism. Here, I propose to go beyond this historiography and discuss not only convergences but also divergences between Robin’s and Comte’s visions of the organism and society...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475629–652 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.629
Published: 01 November 2017
... society. Contrary to the prevailing historical narrative, this paper argues that cell theory did not emerge exclusively in conjunction with the rise of liberalism and materialism. Rather, the idea of a unifying principle of organic development encompassed different and even antagonistic visions of nature...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474494–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.494
Published: 01 September 2017
... toward the expanding discipline of physical chemistry, specifically, a vision of physical chemistry indebted to Ostwald. Like the Toronto chemists, Chicago physical chemist Alexander Smith lamented high school textbooks’ overreliance on the atomic theory and promoted the use of laboratory terms. Both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503302–310 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.302
Published: 28 May 2020
... and repair of scientific instruments and the sheer laboriousness of making science move, as a counter to (perhaps exaggerated) visions of circulation as smooth flows of knowledge and materials around the globe.6 As Sen quips, straightforward diffusionist models of Western science fail for that reason...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
.... Richards, Mathematical Visions: The Pursuit of Geometry in Victorian England (Boston: Academic Press, 1988); Herbert Mehrtens, Henk Bos, and Ivo Schneider, eds., Social History of Nineteenth Century Mathematics (Boston: Birkha¨user Basel, 1981); Michael J. Barany, Integration by Parts: Wordplay, Abuses of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503311–322 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.311
Published: 28 May 2020
..., Darwin embedded his force of natural selection in one overall causal hypothesis to explain the origins of life on earth (80). Among others who subscribed to Darwin s idea of evolutionary progress was the Jesuit palaeontologist Teilhard de Chardin. In his vision of progress, all forms of natural life...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2209–216 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.209
Published: 02 April 2020
... Condon’s Cooperative Vision: Science, Industry, and Innovation in Modern America . Pittsburgh : University of Pittsburgh Press , 2018 . xxi+320 pp., illus., index. ISBN 978-0-8229-4534-5 . $49.95 (hardcover). C. Bruce Tarter . The American Lab: An Insider’s History of Lawrence Livermore...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
... yet strongly reflected in publications in the history of science, but it would be fundamen- tal going forward. Above all, the internalist-externalist distinction was to be left behind. The vision of the history of science that relegates the historiographical traditions of internal and external...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... Suburbanization of American Physics, American Quarterly 56, no. 4 (2004): 851 88. Matthew H. Wisnioski, Engineers for Change: Competing Visions of Technology in 1960s America (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2012), 15 40. Karin Zachmann, I N DUS TR I A L I Z A T I ON AS A H I S TOR I CA L E P I SODE | 55 about the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... 306. 14. Pnina Abir-Am, The Discourse of Physical Power and Biological Knowledge in the 1930s: A Reappraisal of the Rockefeller Foundation s Policy in Molecular Biology, Social Studies of Science 12 (1982): 341 82. 15. Lily E. Kay, The Molecular Vision of Life: Caltech, the Rockefeller Foundation...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... in publications in the history of science. . . .My goal is not merely to publish in one volume studies dealing with scientific ideas and others dealing with the context of science. The vision of the history of science that relegates the historiographic traditions of internal and external history to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
... mechanism of nature and of history as if with all its parts in operation, and compasses the great complex in a single sweep of vision. 51 To help bring people in contact with the geologic past, Merriam worked tirelessly to establish parks in the West that encouraged visitors to find evidence of how the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 465633–668 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.5.633
Published: 01 November 2016
... economics into a properly mathematical economics. In a series of analogical transfers, mathematicians and engineers derived a radical vision of cybernetic communism from their specific military engineering tasks. Their encounter with reformist economics, mediated by computational utopias, enabled the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495566–572 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.566
Published: 01 November 2019
... vision of the aging society that recognizes its inherent plurality, though his mobilization of contradictory agencements and assemblages (9) might raise eyebrows amongst historians averse to such terminology. Chapter 3, in which Moreira traces the emergence and development of the very concept of an...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... Molecular Machines (ref. 17), chap. 1; see also Daniel Liu, Heads and Tails: Molecular Imagination and the Lipid Bilayer, 1917 1941, in Visions of Cell Biology: Reflections Inspired by Cowdry s General Cytology, ed. Karl Matlin, Jane Maienschein, and Manfred Laubich- ler (Chicago: University of Chicago...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... toward the low end of the range. The 1907 opposition was favorable as well, at about 38.5 million miles. 7. For more on Schiaparelli s life and work, see William Sheehan, Giovanni Schiaparelli: Visions of a colour-blind astronomer, Journal of the British Astronomical Association 107, no. 1 (1997): 11...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
... belief in ethnic homogeneity contributed to the reunification of Korea. For a critical analysis of the ethnic homogeneity-national unification thesis, see ibid., 185 203. 17. Kim Young-Sam, Let s Join Forces for New Korea with Hope, Vision, 25 Feb 1993 (Seoul, the Inaugural Address, in Korean). 18. Han...