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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
...Chunglin Kwa Between 1925 and 1980, landscape ecology underwent important changes through the gradual imposition of the view from above, through the uses of aerial photography. A new concept emerged, “the smallest unit of landscape,” also called ecotope and land unit, expressing a direct visual...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
... historical actors. In his study of the electromagnetic view of nature, for example, he analyzed the ontology shared by proponents, but he also stressed the worldview s programmatic intent, which called for a concentration of effort on problems whose solution promised to secure a universal physics based...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
..., associated with Paul Forman, is that technology and applied research achieved cultural primacy over basic science after 1980. On this view, the journal is simply following society’s lead in turning away from basic science. This article argues, instead, that the field of science and technology studies, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2199–208 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.199
Published: 02 April 2020
... transferred? Further, what means of transfer reports, interviews, machines, 204 | G I F FARD material, blue prints, or personal know-how were to be privileged? Through a comparative view, O Reagan is able to pinpoint differences of opinion on the different sides, although his answers to the above questions...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... exper- imental tradition in physiology. In the end, he made room for the notion of science as workmen s craft advocated by J. R. Ravetz in his Scientific Knowl- edge and Its Social Problems.11 A couple of articles by Keld Nielsen enriched the view of the sciences ca. 1800 from yet another perspective...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2183–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.183
Published: 02 April 2020
... itself. The biopolitical point of view helps us realize that contemporary gover- nance involves governing biological beings with vital capacities and abilities. People have bodies and genes that can be used. The concept of wealth and power is not limited nowadays to territories, mines, guns, or armies...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-290–128 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.90
Published: 02 April 2020
..., efficiency, and mental processes.18 As he wrote in 1907, climatic changes have been one of the greatest factors in determining the course of human progress. 19 His view was deeply grounded in, and compounded by, strong cultural, ethnic, and racial biases. During fieldwork in central Asia in 1903 and 1905...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
... 7. Loren R. Graham, A Soviet Marxist View of Structural Chemistry: The Theory of Resonance controversy, Isis 55, no. 1 (1964): 20 31. Loren R. Graham, Science, Philosophy, and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union (New York: Columbia University Press, 1987), 294 310. Aleksandr Pechenkin...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495573–584 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.573
Published: 01 November 2019
... Dawkins has alienated religious believers, galvanizing evolution skepticism (60). While several small Reformed denominations in the Netherlands have embraced creationism, in general the Dutch Reformed Church holds to theistic evolutionary views (69). In Catholic Belgian, there has been a predominately...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495471–503 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.471
Published: 01 November 2019
... Anxiety: Writing about Emotion in Modern History, History Workshop Journal 55 (2003): 111 33. Also, Jan Plamper and Benjamin Lazier, eds., Fear: Across the Disciplines (Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012). 474 | A R BE L The article proposes to view this military migration as central to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... and extending this relocation of vitality that a thoroughgoing mechanistic materialism could make sense as the foundation for a modern biology. Whereas Jessica Riskin has recently claimed that the mechanistic view of life from its origins in the seventeenth century is premised on smuggling a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494447–458 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.447
Published: 01 September 2019
... extends points she made in her 2003 book, Whose View of Life? The recent publication of two books on the philosophy of stem cell biol- ogy demonstrates that the early twenty-first century is not only establishing new advances and uses for stem cells, but also expanding opportunities for reflection on this...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... and almost as near to one another as possible.2 In the weeks leading up to its opposition that summer, Mars became steadily larger and more visible in the night sky. Observers viewing the planet through a telescope on a clear night could see more and more of its surface until the opposition reached...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
..., justifying the existing government view of national identity, while claiming commercial ownership of their people s genetic information.5 Ethnically or racially specific genetic projects were also eagerly promoted in the United States in the context of minority health movements and the commercialization of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... future of civilization, and continued reliance on fossil fuels could not go unchecked. On this point they agreed, but some scientists sought to present the future in accessible and highly communicative graphs that augmented a pessimistic view of the long-term future. Such visual representations of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
..., even more urgent. Yet, one fundamental issue has remained under- exposed in the literature on the dynamics of factual knowledge:2 what actually is a fact ? Although more urgent than ever, it turns out that this question is difficult to answer. From a historical point of view, this is because there...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493273–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.273
Published: 01 June 2019
.... HOTLY DEBATED I C E | 285 Viewed in this light, the scientist and the alpinist are kindred spirits. To be sure, there is an element of legerdemain here, given that science had played little part in the JAC s original conception. Yet, once the club was estab- lished, scientists quickly came on board. And...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493241–272 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.241
Published: 01 June 2019
... monde (1947), the agronomist Robert stressed the importance of abundant and qualified workers for the development of Algeria s citrus industry. This posed a challenge, in Robert s view, due to Algerian workers fickleness (inconstance), which manifested in regular departures from the groves to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... addressing the persuasive character of the cloud chamber pictures attests to the widespread view of them as self-evident and objective recordings.2 In 1946, a specific technical language for interpreting the 1. N. N. Das Gupta and S. K. Ghosh A Report on the Wilson Cloud Chamber and Its Applications in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... Modern View of the Origin of the Universe (New York: Basic Books, 1977), 4. 29. Kaiser, Whose Mass? (ref. 5), 545; John A. Wheeler, Our Universe: The Known and the Unknown, American Scientist 56, no. 1 (1968): 1 20; Nigel Calder, Violent Universe: An Eye- Witness Account of the Commotion in Astronomy...