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theoretical-bias

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2007; 37suppl73–120 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2007.37.s.73
Published: 01 March 2007
... the socially and politically-divided German physics community is discussed. These divisions fail to explain the full dynamic; the latter is approached by turning to the role that theoretical bias has on occasion in assessing experiment. Einstein's responses are also analyzed in this context. ©© 2007...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-211–16 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.11
Published: 02 April 2020
... physical *Department of History, Princeton University, 136 Dickinson Hall, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 USA; and Chief Research Fellow at the Poletayev Institute for Theoretical and Historical Studies in the Humanities, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Myas- nitskaya 20, Moscow...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483380–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.380
Published: 01 June 2018
... their attempts to establish stasis, the ability to stay in place. Palestinian cartographers have con- tended simultaneously with the biases of Mandate maps and the requirement of mapping inaccessible areas of the West Bank in order to claim international legitimacy (134, 144 45). Bier is thoughtful...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... criticized the plant sociologists rather sharply for not taking the visual approach to the landscape seriously. This article will compare the visual approaches employed by landscape geographers and phytosociologists on their research subject roughly between 1925 and 1980. We will follow Troll s theoretical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472200–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.200
Published: 01 April 2017
... their intuitive ability to organize data according to the appearance of the Milky Way, even as they had to avoid the influence of personal experience and theoretical presuppositions about the shape of the system. With this method, Pannekoek produced results that went against the Kapteyn Universe and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455631–640 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.631
Published: 01 November 2015
... sneers from those who fancied that their own studies attained a greater degree of elegance. At the same time, it posed gnarly conceptual and practical problems that inspired notewor- thy leaps of theoretical imagination and experimental virtuosity. The articles presented here explore that duality...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453397–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.397
Published: 01 June 2015
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444413–423 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.413
Published: 01 September 2014
... biased way of posing the question would be: which attitude was (and is) more rational or scientific, between adapting theories to new phenomena that we learn about, and giving dogmatic dominance to a favoured theory? (27) Uncomfortable territory indeed. It does seem, not to put too fine a point on it...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 435619–630 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.5.619
Published: 01 November 2013
... (hardcover); ISBN 978-0- 674-72581-2; $21.95 (paper). INDERJEET PARMAR. Foundations of the American Century: The Ford, Carnegie, and Rockefeller Foundations in the Rise of American Power. New York: Colum- bia University Press, 2012. xii þ 356 pp., index. ISBN 978-0-231-14628-9. $40.00 (hardcover). BRENT...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434391–452 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.391
Published: 01 September 2013
... even a theoretically unsophisticated organic chemist could learn to use these models effectively, without necessarily understanding the intricacies of the quantum chemistry on which they were based. Why then were they not better integrated into mainstream chemical education? To this end the second part...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 433281–333 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.3.281
Published: 01 June 2013
...Lewis Pyenson The theories of relativity in physics and the style known as Cubism in painting found a favorable reception by theoretical physicists, on the one hand, and avant-garde art dealers and patrons, on the other hand, across the seven years before the First World War. The climate in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432162–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.162
Published: 01 April 2013
... technology said to have created them. In so doing, they risk conflating innovation and use. This matters because, as David Edgerton has argued, such conflation can introduce a number of distortions: greater attention to the study of radical change rather than to the role of incremental improvement; bias...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432121–161 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.121
Published: 01 April 2013
... by what he called a phenomenological approach As a solution to this problem, von Hippel proposed an alternative approach of molecular engineering based on the firm theoretical foundation of the molecular properties of matter. Utilizing the vast advances in physics and chemistry during the last...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425389–431 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.389
Published: 01 November 2012
... resources to be used in the validation or falsification of theoretical claims. Even in more detailed, social constructionist accounts of experimental practice, the emphasis still seemed to be on what local factors caused experimenters to interpret underdetermined results in favor of one or another...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 423190–234 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.3.190
Published: 01 June 2012
...- mental and theoretical works and the social, political, and cultural contexts of early ionospheric science, but not much about the machines and instruments that facilitated the science. In the only historical review of the radio sounder (by Oswald Villard), most of the content concerns the prehistory of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 4211–29 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.1.1
Published: 01 February 2012
... of presenting facts with a bias- ing context, while informing is simply the presentation of facts, with no biasing context. I would extend Moore s terminology to include a third option: indoc- trination, or the act of presenting only a biasing context or an explicit political position to the public...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 403279–317 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.3.279
Published: 01 August 2010
... for Experimental Biology 7 (1953): 186 99; idem, The Strategy of the Genes: A Discussion of Some Aspects of Theoretical Biology (London: Allen and Unwin, 1957), 59. 25. Ronald Fisher, The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1930); J. B. S. Haldane, The Causes of Evolution...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 4011–47 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.1.1
Published: 01 February 2010
... be produced.9 Did supporters of the Stommel Diagram value it primarily for its potential to make calculations, or rather as a means to improve experimental design, to reduce bias in experimen- tal data, and to evaluate competing theoretical claims? It is also worth noting that the Stommel Diagram was...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 394444–481 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.4.444
Published: 01 November 2009
.... The seminar was dedicated to independent experimental and theoretical exercises beyond the lectures. Arguably, it pro- vided the best education in the practice of scientific research. Problems posed in seminars led to quite a few doctoral dissertations, including that of Kirch- hoff, who had studied...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 384479–507 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.4.479
Published: 01 November 2008
... Nuclear Stud- ies was a two-year study of potential scattering of gamma rays: I was thor- oughly gratified both by my theoretical contemplations and my experimental investigations. . . . I could do all of the work entirely by myself and that was not the least attractive aspect of it. 22 Moreover, unlike...