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theodore-richards

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
.... Richards, Mathematical Visions: The Pursuit of Geometry in Victorian England (Boston: Academic Press, 1988); Herbert Mehrtens, Henk Bos, and Ivo Schneider, eds., Social History of Nineteenth Century Mathematics (Boston: Birkha¨user Basel, 1981); Michael J. Barany, Integration by Parts: Wordplay, Abuses of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... individuality. When AR T I F I C I A L CE L L | 505 qua universal elementary organ of vegetables. 4 When Theodor Schwann (1810 1882) generalized Schleiden s theory to make the cell the universal organ of all plant and animal life, he simultaneously made the cell membrane a uni- versal structure across all...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... cautious not to mislead; and especially to avoid 55. See LaFeber, The Panama Canal (ref. 27), 31 32, and Richard H. Collin, Theodore Roo- sevelt s Caribbean: The Panama Canal, the Monroe Doctrine, and the Latin American Context (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990), 269 70, on 291. 56. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... implementation of discourses designed to regulate public alarm, see Ira Chernus, Apocalypse Management: Eisenhower and the Discourses of National Insecurity (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2008); Ian Tyrrell, Crisis of the Wasteful Nation: Empire and Conservation in Theodore Roosevelt s America...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... and Society (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1998); Barbara J. Shapiro, A Culture of Fact: England, 1550 1720 (New York: Cornell University Press, 2000). On the use of the concept of fact in later periods: e.g., Theodore M. Porter, Statistical and Social Facts from Quetelet to Durkheim...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... in the twentieth century? Quite apart from its utility or epistemic value, consensus appealed to experts because 10. Theodore M. Porter, Trust in Numbers: The Pursuit of Objectivity in Science and Public Life (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1995), 218. 11. Melinda Baldwin, Scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485549–556 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.549
Published: 01 November 2018
...Soraya de Chadarevian; Theodore M. Porter © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018 SORAYA DE CHADAREVIAN AND THEODORE M. PORTER* Introduction: Scrutinizing the Data World Although data as a topic of historical investigation is not radically new, it appeared until a few years...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485604–615 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.604
Published: 01 November 2018
... historical accident and self-perception of the subjects under study. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018 Franz Boas (1858–1942) Wilhelm...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485557–567 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.557
Published: 01 November 2018
... of its own categories can illuminate the specific materiality of data, distinct from the things in the world it claims to represent. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485627–636 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.627
Published: 01 November 2018
... of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of California 2018 data double data aggregate social security economy privacy DAN BOUK* The National Data Center and the Rise of the Data Double ABSTRACT A mid-1960s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485648–658 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.648
Published: 01 November 2018
... the concrete context from which they are extracted and to which they always refer back. Consequently, the transition to data science is never complete. This essay is part of a special issue entitled Histories of Data and the Database edited by Soraya de Chadarevian and Theodore M. Porter. © 2018 by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484475–525 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.475
Published: 01 September 2018
...Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze This paper investigates scientific, institutional, and political conflict and collaboration between two different disciplines in the first part of the 20th century: applied mathematics and fluid dynamics. It argues for the catalytic role of Richard von Mises (1883–1953...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483390–401 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.390
Published: 01 June 2018
... biologists Stephen Jay Gould and Richard C. Lewontin published an influential article in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of London: The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme In this work, the authors criticized the agenda that had dominated...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... Science Part A 33, no. 1 (2002): 1 33. 33. On Woodward s career and character, see O. Theodor Benfey and Peter John Turnbull Morris, eds., Robert Burns Woodward: Architect and Artist in the World of Molecules (Philadelphia: Chemical Heritage Foundation, 2001); Leo Barney Slater, Organic Synthesis and R...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... Landscape Ecology in Europe in Changing Landscapes: An International Perspective, ed. I. S. Zonneveld and Richard T. T. Forman, (New York: Springer, 1990), 21 34. 6. Chunglin Kwa, Alexander von Humboldt s Invention of the Natural Landscape The European Legacy 10 (2005): 149 62; Kwa, Painting and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48124–55 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.24
Published: 01 February 2018
... orthodox quantum narratives had real and lasting consequences on generations of physicists and the science that they practiced. In Richard Staley s study of participant histories, he has argued that forgetting is integral to scientific advance and yet should not limit our understanding of scientific...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475589–601 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.589
Published: 01 November 2017
... relations between political activity and investigations into biological orga- nization in nineteenth-century French- and German-speaking Europe. Collectively we focus on a small number of historical actors Franc¸ois- Vincent Raspail, Theodor Schwann, Carl Vogt, Auguste Comte, and Charles Robin chosen...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475653–677 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.653
Published: 01 November 2017
... his outspoken opposition to cellular theory, including Theodor Schwann s idea that the cell is the basic unit of every living being and Rudolf Virchow s view that every cell has its origins in another cell.1 Retrospectively, cellular theory as it was developed between 1830 and 1850 is now seen as a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473450–457 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.450
Published: 01 June 2017
... Social Construction of Science Tradition and Discovery: The Polanyi Society Periodical 39, no. 1 (2012 13): 6 16. Thomas Kuhn, Case Histories, and Revolutions Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 42, no. 3 (2012): 557 61. A Response to Theodore L. Brown and Richard Henry Schmitt in essay review...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472200–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.200
Published: 01 April 2017
... Science, ed. Lorraine Daston (New York: Zone Books, 2004); Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison, Response: Objectivity and Its Critics VS 50 (2008): 666 77. 9. This assessment is based on the following reviews: Theodore M. Porter, The Objective Self VS 50 (2008): 641 47; Jennifer Tucker, Objectivity...