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scientific-identity

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2016) 46 (5): 556–591.
Published: 01 November 2016
... through scientific diplomacy. Courant’s Cold War scientific identity emerges from his activities as an émigré mathematician, institution builder, and international “ambassador.” © 2016 by the Regents of the University of California 2016 Richard Courant Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... in the formation of a scientific identity , which we characterize here as transnational. The methodological recourse to transnationalism is a cornerstone of our analysis, insofar as it was itself an integral part of Wataghin’s career, considering that he made foreign travel a systematic part of his...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (4): 577–609.
Published: 01 September 2015
... importantly, the development of explicit policies to guide research were a prime focus. These formalized strategies for pursuing two parallel types of research generated some internal conflict, but also helped form a common scientific identity among personnel. There were concerted efforts to disseminate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (5): 341–388.
Published: 01 November 2012
... scientific identity. As director of the Department of Terrestrial Magnetism at the Carnegie Institution of Washington after World War II, Tuve followed a convoluted path through the institutions, politics, identities, and sensibilities of science in the cold war, and he struggled to preserve a sense of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 351–383.
Published: 01 September 2019
...Jaehwan Hyun This article examines the interaction between human population genetics and the reconstruction of national identities and histories. Since the first use of mitochondrial DNA analysis of human origins in 1987, scientific research on population history using genetic technologies, or...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2018) 48 (1): 24–55.
Published: 01 February 2018
.... Instead, it is a story that grapples with tensions between the polyphony of individual voices and a physics community’s evolving identity and consensus in response to particular sociopolitical and scientific contexts. At the heart of these tensions sits an international scientific community transitioning...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 420–446.
Published: 01 September 2019
... apolitical like Wallace s Martian. Instead, Lowell s scientific identity encapsu- lated and propagated the prevailing sociopolitical ideals of Progressive Era America. The political qualities of Lowell s identity become clear when placing the Martian canal debate in the context of the building of the Panama...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2013) 43 (1): 41–104.
Published: 01 February 2013
... and the majority of his peers, but to communication breakdowns among different socio-professional identities.20 In the first section of this paper I analyze the ontological commitments linked to Ives s scientific education as well as to his activity at Bell Labs, and I 18. Bruno Latour, Science in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (3): 197–233.
Published: 01 June 2014
..., with their foundations in the scientific work of the museum s zoologists, and aimed at a broad, educated public, at a time of widespread political effort to reinvigorate Spanish society. Indeed, efforts to regenerate a troubled Spanish national identity and to promote science and education as drivers...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 323–339.
Published: 23 September 2020
..., 2003); on its connection to secret services, see Francis Stonor Saunders, The Cultural Cold War: The CIA and the World of Arts and Letters (New York: The New Press, 2013). See also Brit Shields, Mathematics, Peace, and the Cold War: Scientific Diplomacy and Richard Courant s Scientific Identity, His...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 340–363.
Published: 23 September 2020
... the University of California 2020 scientific conferences meteorology statistics Belgium Adolphe Quetelet soft power science diplomacy transnational science DAVID AUBIN* Congress Mania in Brussels, 1846 1856: Soft Power, Transnational Experts, and Diplomatic Practices ABSTRACT In 1853...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (4): 456–481.
Published: 23 September 2020
... perspectives. In the 1960s and 1970s, Soviet views on the biosphere prevailed thanks to the influence of Soviet scientists in the International Council of Scientific Unions and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. In the 1980s, the domination of this field by US scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 217–247.
Published: 28 May 2020
.... Profiles of contemporary, otherwise unknown Americans in the Monthly helped establish a shared sense of identity among American mathematicians during a transitional period in the development of their profession. This form of collective self-fashioning was common in other American scientific commu- nities...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... Industrial Europe, 1800 1914 sit squarely in this HSNS tradi- tion of analyzing industrialization and engineering through institutions of science and the scientific laboratory. They deserve particular mention for another reason, too: they appeared in two consecutive issues, have identical titles, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 58–66.
Published: 02 April 2020
... of science over the past half century. A recent systematic survey of the articles published in Nature found that a typical article in that journal is inspired by and impacts three times more disciplines this decade than it did 50 years ago. The authors of the study noticed that scientific work is...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 129–182.
Published: 02 April 2020
... examining each of these versions in detail, we will offer a brief overview of how they have been viewed by the scientific community until this time. Because we are dealing with seven essentially identical versions of the periodic table, each version will be referred to using the number that has been...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 471–503.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Tal Arbel This article examines Hebrew translations of World War II–era psychology handbooks as means of transmission for scientific knowledge and as a mechanism for the cross-cultural spread of behavioral modernity. While drawing a broad, vivid picture of transnational military mobilities postwar...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 504–555.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Daniel Liu Since the early nineteenth century, a membrane or wall has been central to the cell’s identity as the elementary unit of life. Yet the literally and metaphorically marginal status of the cell membrane made it the site of clashes over the definition of life and the proper way to study it...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (5): 556–565.
Published: 01 November 2019
... weaves a charmingly unlikely, pro- tohistoric example of Big Data together with a tale of scientific interest in the most fleeting and elusive product of the human psyche: dreams. And in Numbered Lives: Life and Death in Quantum Media, Jacqueline Wernimont chronicles across a three-hundred-year period a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 459–469.
Published: 01 September 2019
... diversity of approaches.7 One way of approaching the historiographical reflection on science and religion is to study the production and consumption of religious and scientific texts. As Karin Chemla observes, all kinds of factors, cognitive as well as cultural, technical, social, and institutional...