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public-scientists

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2017) 47 (3): 349–388.
Published: 01 June 2017
... who served as public scientists or the role gender played in gaining public trust and influencing policy makers. This paper examines two women, both trained in genetics, who became activists in the 1950s and 1960s to educate the public about the dangers radiation and wartime chemicals posed to the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (1): 1–29.
Published: 01 February 2012
...Megan Barnhart Sethi Immediately following World War II, atomic scientists and their colleagues in other disciplines formed the Federation of American Scientists (FAS) and dedicated themselves to increasing public knowledge about atomic energy and the need for international control. FAS scientists...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 384–419.
Published: 01 September 2019
... change, these linguistic cues of moderation became powerful heuristics that helped shape and anchor assessments of climate risk, calibrate scientists’ advice to policy makers, and regulate public apprehension about climate risk. Ultimately, officials within and outside the science community concluded...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2011) 41 (3): 277–302.
Published: 01 August 2011
...David K. Hecht This article uses the voluminous public discourse around Rachel Carson and her controversial bestseller Silent Spring to explore Americans' views on science and scientists. Carson provides a particularly interesting case study because of intense and public debates over whether she...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2019) 49 (4): 420–446.
Published: 01 September 2019
... Commission, John F. Wallace (1852–1921). The third section further explores the political rhetoric of the canal debate by comparing the public identities of Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) and Percival Lowell (1855–1916), both champions of their respective canal intrigues. This comparison reveals the Martian...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2015) 45 (3): 357–396.
Published: 01 June 2015
... scientific publication acted as a boundary between collectors and those scientists who used their specimens in the production of knowledge. © 2015 by the Regents of the University of California 2015 Charles Aiken American ornithology specimen dealer natural history dealership professional...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2014) 44 (5): 435–469.
Published: 01 November 2014
... that an industrial consortium could support unbiased, peer-reviewed research and that academic scientists could work productively and harmoniously with industry.2 In the late 1980s and early 1990s, institutional and discursive connections among science, industry, and public policy-making that today...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2012) 42 (1): 30–61.
Published: 01 February 2012
... human knowledge, the laws established procedures under which proposed scientific takes could be permitted after review by federal regulators, scientists, the public, and, in some cases, the courts. Although there was relatively little controversy over the need for or nature of these permit procedures...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 311–322.
Published: 28 May 2020
... 1965 letter of Pope Paul VI, who acknowledged the autonomy of science and encouraged scientists to continue . . .without ever despairing of the truth. 11 Through an innovative use of Google Books Ngram Viewer in Chapter 5, Gingras submits that the conflict thesis predates the publications of John...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 302–310.
Published: 28 May 2020
... a focus on the public sphere through sensational court trials and issues of colonial governance emerging from poison panics. Together, these impelled the eventual development of a toxic science, and new administrative approaches to poisons and poisoning in India by the late nineteenth century...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 248–301.
Published: 28 May 2020
... publications and, as we have seen, had come to the attention of physicists like Heisenberg, Dirac, and Walter Heitler. For Wataghin, taking a position in Brazil so early in his career could have been a bad move. Even so, however isolated he felt he would be from the European scientific community, there were...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (3): 217–247.
Published: 28 May 2020
... Mathematical Society. Due in part to its publication of a monthly bulletin, the New York Mathematical Society helped generate a small but growing American mathematics community. In 1894, its members voted to substitute American for New York in the title and the group became the American Mathematical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 31–40.
Published: 02 April 2020
... likely the very first to draw upon the ambitious and sprawling Archive for History of Quantum Physics project, which had been directed by Kuhn and on which Forman had served as a young assistant during the early 1960s.2 Weimar culture was not Forman s first professional publication in the history of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 129–182.
Published: 02 April 2020
...Petr A. Druzhinin This study explores the full set of handwritten and printed materials associated with the 1869 publication of the first version of Dmitrii Mendeleev’s periodic system of elements: “An Attempt at a System of Elements Based on Their Atomic Weight and Chemical Affinity.” Using...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 41–49.
Published: 02 April 2020
... (2013): 121 61. H I S TOR I CA L STUD I E S I N WH ICH SC I ENCES? | 45 knowledge they produce. David Hounshell has shown that Forman 3 s picture of pure and triumphant pre-1980 science was prompted by physical scientists fear that inventors and engineers were winning in the courts and in public...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 5–10.
Published: 02 April 2020
... conditions to scientific ideas had existed in the field since Boris Hessen s work in the 1930s, of course. But McCormmach s interest before the first publications on the sociology of scientific knowledge appeared from the Edinburgh school, and contemporaneous with Paul Forman s studies of the effect of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 1–4.
Published: 02 April 2020
.... A review of the final volume of Chymia appeared in the pages of the British Journal for the History of Science. The reviewer lamented that the nominally annual publication of Chymia was from its incep- tion . . . remarkable for the uneven quality of its contents and celebrated the change in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 50–57.
Published: 02 April 2020
... include Faraday s field theory and quantum chemistry, for example, but also Sputnik, superconductivity, immu- nology, and physicists in wartime and peace-time public spheres. The journal successfully created and maintained a crucial space in which this could flourish as a cohesive enterprise. With the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 25–30.
Published: 02 April 2020
... PSAC s roles in the process in the 1950s and 1960s, I framed it in part as a contribution to the Forman-Kevles debate. In it I argued that the ascendency of scientific groups like PSAC in American public policy-making, especially in the aftermath of the Soviet launching of Sputnik in 1957, indicated...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences (2020) 50 (1-2): 17–24.
Published: 02 April 2020
... extensively on histor- ical examples so much so that at first glance it was hard to decide whether a given publication was a philosophical essay or a historical inquiry, as I. B. Cohen noted in 1974. Cohen s remark was not meant as a compliment. Cohen harshly criticized philosophers of science because they...