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problem-solving

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 455641–702 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.5.641
Published: 01 November 2015
... mechanics. More broadly, we hope with this article to provide a new viewpoint on the importance of problem solving to scientific research and theory construction, one that might complement recent work on its role in science pedagogy. © 2015 by the Regents of the University of California 2015 theory...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482123–179 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.123
Published: 01 April 2018
... perturbation theory, also largely neglected the issue of stability. It was only in 1781, when the cultural and scientific conditions were ripe, that Lagrange, not Laplace, finally set and solved, according to the standard of the time, the stability problem. © 2018 by the Regents of the University of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473389–422 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.389
Published: 01 June 2017
... story. Although NMR was used for decades in biochemistry and molecular biology, it had not contributed substantially to solving the big scientific problems in these areas. The goal set by its early proponents—to find out about the dynamics and functions of large biomolecules—was not successfully tackled...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2183–198 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.183
Published: 02 April 2020
... were challenged to disclose individuals clinical information, today doctors are learning how to deal with electronic information. Maehle is aware that current problems related to medical confi- dentiality will not be solved by turning our eyes to the past, but he is right when suggests that knowing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2199–208 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.199
Published: 02 April 2020
... many of the same problems to their own satisfaction. What is important to consider from a historiographical standpoint is the fact that the actors had every reason to present the benefit of exploitation as far more than it really was. At the start, the outcomes of exploitation were unknown, so the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... ngstro¨m-scale resolution reached down to the high double digits by the 1950s, the identification of the cell membrane was as much an epistemological and conceptual problem as it was one of optics and resolution: Where does the cell membrane begin if indeed there is any sharp boundary? one biologist...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... making, see Steve Dale, Heuristics and Biases: The Science of Decision Making, Business Information Review 32, no. 2 (2015): 93 99; Sa ¨d Salhi, Heuristic Search: The Emerging Science of Problem Solving (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017). 18. For sociological and historical scholarship of moderate...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
... this problem by sharing samples with other researchers and establishing common tissue banks. In this process, they developed the practice of the free exchange of research materials and results, as the Drosophila geneticists community had done in the United States a century prior.39 Through the YCC s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494420–446 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.420
Published: 01 September 2019
... Canal, Engineering Magazine 30, no. 6 (1906): 801 15, on 814. This is the last article in the series. 31. John F. Wallace, The Actual Problems of the Panama Canal, Engineering Magazine 29, no. 6 (1905): 801 11, on 810. This is the first article in the series. BU I L D I NG CANALS FROM PANAMA TO MARS...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... Problem (Mostly) Solved, in The Age of the Earth: from 4004 BC to AD 2002, ed. C. L. E. Lewis and S. J. Knell (London: The Geological Society, 2001), 205 21. 20. Kragh, Cosmology and Controversy (ref. 13), 73 79. 21. H. Bondi and T. Gold, The Steady-State Theory of the Expanding Universe, Monthly...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... problem ever compli- cated by conflicted relationships with the computer industry.21 Questions of identity and legitimacy interlocked. The Cold War context in which the discipline was developing was not limited to that of the American military-industrial-academic complex. Although the CoCom (Coordinating...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49170–103 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.70
Published: 01 February 2019
... could not do without; it was the prestige and the problem-solving capability of the professionals that tempted the state. 4 National security concerns and scientific research programs became closely aligned during this period.5 Toward the end of the century, beginning in the 3. There is now a growing...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484441–474 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.441
Published: 01 September 2018
..., where contamina- tion the infiltration of miscellaneous microbes that might decrease yield was an especially challenging problem to solve. The Assay Section assessed the quality of penicillin produced by manu- facturers and officially authorized them. On GHQ s decision, the Assay Section was relocated...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484475–525 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.475
Published: 01 September 2018
... thesis, The Theory of Water Turbines, was accepted and published in full (120 pp.) in the Zeitschrift fu¨r Mathematik und Physik one year later. It began with the following words: This work approaches from the standpoint of rational hydromechanics the problems of technical hydraulics, which have to do...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 484403–440 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.4.403
Published: 01 September 2018
.... M. Lefebvre et al., POSEIDON (ref. 10), 2. This problem has been referred to as under-sampling by Walter Munk Solving the Tidal Problem Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 54, no. 1 (2000): 116 19). 15. Ibid., 2. TOPEX / POSE I DON M I SS I ON | 407 innovation of satellite...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... synthetic planning, which both suggested the possibility of applying computers to the problem and, if the method was to be followed exhaustively, appeared to require it.68 But LHASA was not just an application of retrosynthetic...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483380–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.380
Published: 01 June 2018
... Press s Reprints and Permissions web page, httpwww. ucpress.edu/journals.php?p¼reprints. DOI: httpsdoi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.380. Simplification presents its own problems. This is the thrust of James C. Scott s Seeing Like a State, which argues that state-sponsored high modernist projects...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2004; 342233–275 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2004.34.2.233
Published: 01 March 2004
... general taxomonical scheme that forced him to reject the ideal structure of the system of elements that he had formed earlier (1868). It was only by November of 1870 that Mendeleev finally solved the ““unification problem,”” formulating the basic principles of his system. This article also discusses how...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483338–379 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.338
Published: 01 June 2018
... was unflinching, writing that the foundation was perhaps the most useless scientific project of the twentieth century The problem, in Gardner s diagnosis, stemmed from letting Babson generous and well-intentioned, to be sure, but scientifically naive call the shots. There is surely a touch of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48124–55 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.24
Published: 01 February 2018
... interpretation debates.39 INTERPRETATIONAL LULL A RISING PRAGMATISM AND SPIRIT OF CONSENSUS As the 1927 Solvay conference approached, tensions emerged between a growing group of pragmatists interested in attacking and solving definite problems and, as Oliver Lodge noted, philosophically minded interpreters...