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predictive-policing

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485637–647 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.637
Published: 01 November 2018
...Rebecca Lemov This article traces the rise of “predictive” attitudes to crime prevention. After a brief summary of the current spread of predictive policing based on person-centered and place-centered mathematical models, an episode in the scientific study of future crime is examined. At UCLA...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
...; it included the 63 known elements, as well as four predicted ones. This event marked the birth of the periodic law, one of the fundamental laws of science. In February of 1871, Mendeleev expressed the law using the following formulation: The properties of the elements (and there- fore the properties...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485627–636 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.627
Published: 01 November 2018
... to see people and predict or control their behavior. But the history of the national data center shows that data doubles did not just help make individuals more legible; they also served the project of managing macro-scale objects, like populations or economies. Data doubles served, and rose with...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485616–626 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.616
Published: 01 November 2018
..., psychological tests, disciplinary records, and counseling memos that routinely wound up in U.S. public school filing cabinets firmly belonged to teachers and administrators. But these records along with those of credit and insurance bureaus, social welfare agencies, and police departments became objects of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48156–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.56
Published: 01 February 2018
.... 4). 15. On the general structures of cameralism, see Andre Wakefield, The Disordered Police State: German Cameralism as Science and Practice (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2009); Keith Tribe, Governing Economy: The Reformation of German Economic Discourse 1750 1840 (Cambridge: Cambridge...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473320–348 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.320
Published: 01 June 2017
... secret police, returned to work in Moscow and Prague as a historian of science, played vastly contrasting roles in the Luzin Affair of the 1930s and the rehabilitation of cybernetics in the 1950s, and defected—after 58 years in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union—to Sweden in 1976. This article...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 464460–489 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.4.460
Published: 01 September 2016
..., scientific activity. The ether could be used, manipulated, or domesticated. But could it be owned? Should it be policed? Should it have boundaries? These are three topics we find often in The Wireless World. In 1931, for instance, we read the following complaint: nobody seems to care about policing the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 462154–206 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.2.154
Published: 01 April 2016
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 46167–100 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.1.67
Published: 01 February 2016
... summarizing Aronson s paper, Gilbert conceded the point that sharks and other cartilaginous fishes showed less diversity in their brain structures than the bony fishes in Aronson s slides. To what extent can we predict, when we examine a [shark] brain Gilbert asked the group, whether any particular sense...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 442140–177 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.2.140
Published: 01 April 2014
... has vexed philosophers and sociologists, but as Michael Gordin has noted in his treatment of the highly unorthodox astronomical theories of Immanuel Velikovsky, and the movement that formed around him, profes- sional scientists seeking to police their side of the boundary have rarely both- ered to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 44137–79 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.1.37
Published: 01 February 2014
... capitalist society and acceptance of the price elasticity of natural resources. In 1956, King Hubbert questioned these assurances by predicting that U.S. domestic oil production would peak around 1970, which drew him into a long-running debate with McKelvey and the so-called “Cornucopians.” When Hubbert’s...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 413303–343 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.3.303
Published: 01 August 2011
... Unidade Democrática (Movement for Democratic Union); PIDE, Polícia Internacional de Defesa do Estado (International Police for State Defense); STEP, Science and Technology in the European Periphery. HSNS4103_02.indd 303 18/07/11 12:40 PM 304 | GAS PAR AN D S I MÕES the Laboratory of Physics. Contrary to...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 404457–498 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.4.457
Published: 01 November 2010
... genetic products with predictable fixed behavior. More than that, while landraces had acquired their properties through Darwinian natural selection, like the Rieti s resistance to rust, the pure lines were the creations of breeders engineering nature. Using pedigree selection, Strampelli followed two...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2009; 392248–257 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2009.39.2.248
Published: 01 May 2009
... them the choice of either confessing or not confessing to the crime which the police are sure they have committed. Neither will know what the other chooses to do, but if neither of them confesses, the district attorney says he will book them on some trumped-up minor charge, and they will receive minor...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 383325–352 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.3.325
Published: 01 August 2008
..., unlike Bohm s, were local would yield predictions in conflict with those of conventional quantum mechanics, and how this idea was tested in a series of laboratory trials.7 One lead that historians have yet to pursue is constant reference that work- ing physicists make to the role of new instrumentation...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 38177–108 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.77
Published: 01 February 2008
... would one day be possible for plant associations, Clements predicted, but meanwhile a classification based on physical habitats would serve well enough as a practical guide for fieldwork.28 The simplicity and convenience of artificial classifications based upon habitat and physiog- nomy are so great...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 3815–44 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.5
Published: 01 February 2008
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2005; 361131–188 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2005.36.1.131
Published: 01 September 2005
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 33161–86 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.61
Published: 01 September 2002
... (shisôsen). The government had six main means to enforce its control on periodicals.10 The Book Censorship Section of the Police Bureau of the Home Ministry 64 ITO 11. Hatanaka Shigeo, Oboegaki Shôwa shuppan dan atsu shôshi (Tokyo, 1965), 176. 12. Ibid., 58. 13. Hatanaka (ref. 11), 62-63. 14. Nakamura...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2002; 331131–159 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2002.33.1.131
Published: 01 September 2002
... security went unquestioned.51 After Korea: No demobilization The cries about physics manpower shortages continued well after fighting ended in Korea in July 1953. Complaints, predictions, and warnings about a devastating shortage of Ph.D. physicists continued unabated well into the 1960s. During the mid...