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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 442140–177 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.2.140
Published: 01 April 2014
... and popular science lecturer, who used the rhetoric and tactics of contemporary popularizers to discredit orthodox medicine’s claim to scientific authority, and to advance his own on behalf of his followers of the “Science of Automatic Precision.” Practitioners, who mostly treated themselves and their...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
.... In this article I show how the modern cell membrane was conceived of by analogy to the first “artificial cell,” invented in 1864 by the chemist Moritz Traube (1826–1894), and reimagined by the plant physiologist Wilhelm Pfeffer (1845–1920) as a precision osmometer. Pfeffer’s artificial cell osmometer...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... concept of fact acquired different interpretations in different disciplinary settings. These related to fact-oriented research practices, such as precision measurement in physics and source criticism in historiography. © 2019 by the Regents of the University of California 2019 facts historical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
... period- icity. Rather, we will focus on the precise moment in the history of science when Mendeleev, having already composed his first periodic table, was pre- paring to inform the scientific world of his achievement. We will prove that the sequence of events typically associated with this moment is...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... the time. The connecting threads in the map are the instrumentalist epistemology implicit in the scheme used to deal with imponderables the Standard Mod- el of those days, as Heilbron put it and the pedagogy of precision, pursued 7. Gad Freudenthal, Early Electricity between Chemistry and Physics...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-241–49 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.41
Published: 02 April 2020
... Studies in the Natural Sciences pertain to precisely the post-1980 world that Forman 3 laments. Interdisciplinarity, tech- nology, and wider societal involvement in and critique of science are central to most of the articles the journal publishes today. One possible conundrum remaining, even for Forman 3...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495573–584 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.573
Published: 01 November 2019
... its central message and commu- nication strategy. The title of the volume leaves little to the imagination. The Trollingers argue that the museum exists and thrives not because it is so preposterous although some people are surely drawn to it precisely for this reason but because it represents and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 432162–201 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.2.162
Published: 01 April 2013
... standards-in-use of practitioners at the frontier of precision: spectroscopists, industrialists, geodesists, and astronomers. It reveals a multiplicity of de facto standards that supported their various innovations in practical electromagnetic measurement techniques. These de facto standards often came...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 425389–431 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.5.389
Published: 01 November 2012
... knowledge to narrow the range of possible interpretations. Beginning in the late 1940s, precision measurement, precision experiment design, and decay mode analysis became prominent strategies in the systematic search for new particles. This history builds on and revises Peter Galison’s history of particle...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493338–349 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.338
Published: 01 June 2019
... simul- taneously pronounced in his scientific explanations. Likening digestion to a mechanical process, Pavlov explained that the digestive apparatus is a precisely coordinated system operating toward a single end, for which each gland under- went specific excitation and inhibition. In the subsequent...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493273–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.273
Published: 01 June 2019
..., public interest in glaciers was on the rise. No longer solely the preoc- cupation of a small circle of academics, glaciers made their way into textbooks, an array of popular journals, and even youth publications.56 Aimed precisely at the latter demographic was a book for high school and college students...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492151–193 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.151
Published: 01 April 2019
... regarded as the primary standard for judging whether those involved in the discovery actually knew what they were doing: the predictions derived from such theories were not always precise, reducing the prospects for successful experiment. It also suggests that the contributions made to the discovery by...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492226–239 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.226
Published: 01 April 2019
... Boolean algebras, but the concept is simply a precise way of codifying a significant aspect of what Bohr meant by his constant insistence that the account of all evidence must be expressed in classical terms, that s to say unambiguous language with suitable application of the terminology of classical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... instant after the piston starts falling: tracks, which appear when the piston has come to a halt are illuminated as soon as they form, in their best shape. The use of gravity to limit the intervention of the experimenter and auto- mate the system certainly aimed at achieving precision and removing distur...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492194–225 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.194
Published: 01 April 2019
... different aspects related to algo- rithms, from the origin of the term in Al-Khwarizmi s writings on arithmetic, to a general theory of algorithms, to the notion of algorithmic complexity, and to issues of design and implementation. Yet according to the paper by V. A. Uspenskii and A. L. Semenov, a precise...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
... Botanical Garden 23 (1936): 457 509. ANDERSON S APP L I ED MATHEMAT I CS | 49 derived the linear discriminant function36 as a way of rendering precisely the type of multiple variations that Anderson saw as essential in understanding the differences between species. Anderson worked with Fisher during his...