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plant-taxonomy

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 462154–206 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.2.154
Published: 01 April 2016
... traditional styles, concerns, and knowledge as crucial constituents in conducting and communicating biological subjects, such as plant taxonomy, comparative anatomy, and goldfish evolution. This paper shows that the prioritized study of those species collected within China was crucial in sustaining...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2008; 38177–108 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.77
Published: 01 February 2008
...Robert E. Kohler Between the 1890s and the 1930s field ecologists in the United States (and elsewhere) looked to classification to make their fledgling science an exacting and respectable one. Taking plant taxonomy as their model, ecologists expected that more comprehensive empirical knowledge of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
..., amassing, making sense of data: Over the course of the 2010s, big data entered the contemporary spotlight. Its rise was premised not just on an 8. Robert E. Kohler, Plants and Pigeonholes: Classification as a Practice in American Ecology, HSNS 38, no. 1 (2008): 77 108; Elena Aronova, Karen S. Baker, and...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
... companion to Mayr s landmark work4 because he pursued his own synthesis, using maize to explore plant evolution under human interactions.5 Further, given the complex- ity of plant reproduction, he was less sure that a fully integrated view of evolution had been reached, despite the significant progress...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... grasp of the landscape. This article compares the view from above as introduced and promoted by geographers Carl Troll and Isaak Zonneveld, with its (problematic) history vis-à-vis a school of ecology, i.e., plant sociology, led by Josias Braun-Blanquet and Reinhold Tüxen. This school’s internal...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48156–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.56
Published: 01 February 2018
... statistical projects were underway in the natural sciences as well. In botany and zoology, followers of Alexander von Humboldt were avidly collecting numerical data about plants and animals in order to establish patterns of biogeography in Europe and elsewhere. Janet Browne has described this approach as...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 475602–628 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.5.602
Published: 01 November 2017
... century14), suggested the coordi- nation of separate individuals to a common purpose that itself was individual- like. But major new challenges to assumptions about biological individuality were yet to come. In 1838, the botanist Matthias Schleiden argued that the properties of life inhered not in the plant...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472127–163 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.127
Published: 01 April 2017
... and Plants: A Study in Coevolution,” a 1964 paper co-authored by entomologist Paul Ehrlich and botanist Peter Raven. However, this paper argues that the foundation for “Butterflies and Plants” was laid in the previous decades, in the work of economic entomologists, crop-plant breeders, and insect...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 46167–100 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.1.67
Published: 01 February 2016
... scientific and cultural conventions through which they attempted to make sense of these creatures. Most of this research was about how sharks used their bodies to hunt. By using the sharks bodies to make claims about taxonomy, evolution, predation, and eventually reproduction, investigators often...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 454549–576 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.4.549
Published: 01 September 2015
... Press, 1994). For a discussion of the scientific use of inbred mice, see Karen Rader, Making Mice: Standardizing Animals for Medical Research, 1900 1955 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 2004). 10. The rediscovery of Gregor Mendel s foundational experiments on pea plants in 1900 proved to be...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 453357–396 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.3.357
Published: 01 June 2015
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452348–356 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.348
Published: 01 April 2015
... the importation of African techniques was for the development of rice cultivation in South Carolina, Georgia, and Maranha o, Brazil, in the eighteenth century.7 2. For example, Londa Schiebinger, Plants and Empire: Colonial Bioprospecting in the Atlantic World (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 452273–302 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.2.273
Published: 01 April 2015
... in heredity included hybridization experiments on animal and plants, followed by animal and plant transplantations to assess hereditary tendencies Color analysis, the study of environmental factors on variations, and the use of birth records to evaluate seasonal sexual activity also took place.37...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2015; 4511–13 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2015.45.1.1
Published: 01 February 2015
... experimental practices on one hand, and the priorities of the atomic age research policies on the other, these papers emphasize the circulation from plant and animal genetics to human genetics of tools, radiation sources, and cytological methods for making cellular entities visible, including the old, long...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444297–318 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.297
Published: 01 September 2014
... character, in a hierarchy that could be mapped onto the hierarchy of taxonomic categories that typified Linnaeus s widely used or imitated practical systems. Jussieu attempted to encompass a broad array of features so as to avoid a fallible reliance on particular characters of a plant, but as with Cuvier...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2014; 444319–363 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2014.44.4.319
Published: 01 September 2014
... which elements they contained, those derived from plants and animals were soon shown to be composed of just a handful of elements: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. This was the context in which accurate, reliable, quantitative analysis of organic substances emerged as a pressing concern, tackled...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 433381–389 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.3.381
Published: 01 June 2013
...-780-8018-9785-6 . $25.95 (hardcover). Mutis: Plants, Ants, and Visualizing Nature BY MARI´A M. PORTUONDO* DANIELA BLEICHMAR. Visible Empire: Botanical Expeditions and Visual Culture in the Hispanic Enlightenment. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012. xii þ 286 pp., illus., index. ISBN: 978-0...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2012; 42283–113 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2012.42.2.83
Published: 01 April 2012
... Society, 2009), 157 78; Robert Kohler, Practice and Place in Twentieth-Century Field Biology: A Comment, JHB (2011), httpwww.springerlink.com/ content/n1v05x73r9v73767 (last accessed 27 Feb 2012); Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, The Plant C o L L E C t i o N S - B A S E D R E S E A R C h | 87 ing on the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 414365–404 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.4.365
Published: 01 October 2011
...Isabelle Charmantier The Swedish naturalist Carl Linnaeus (1707–1778) is reputed to have transformed botanical practice by shunning the process of illustrating plants and relying on the primacy of literary descriptions of plant specimens. Botanists and historians have long debated Linnaeus's...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2011; 412216–254 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2011.41.2.216
Published: 01 May 2011
..., a plant pathologist in the U.S. Department of Agriculture s Bureau of Plant Industry. It was Johnson who urged him in 1929 to apply for the graduate fellowship in wildlife ecology at the University of Wisconsin, where he had once been a professor.23 19. Errington, Red Gods Call (ref. 15), 37 47. 20...