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physical-chemistry

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1994; 242237–263 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757724
Published: 01 January 1994
... physical chemistry, 28 (1977), 1–13. 30 J.H. Van Vleck and A. Sherman, "Quantum theory of valence," Reviews of modern physics, 35 (1935), 167–228, on 209–211 Henry Eyring and Michael Polanyi, "Über einfache Gasreaktionen," ZPC, B12 (1931), 279–311. 31 L. Farkas, ZPC, BIO (1930), 419–433...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1976; 7297–404 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757359
Published: 01 January 1976
...- schen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1 (1882), 22–39, 825–836 2 (1883), 647–665. J. H. van't Hoff, Études de dynamique chimique (Amster- dam, 1884). 15 R. G. A. Dolby, "Social Factors in the Origins of a New Science: The Case of Physical Chemistry" (forthcoming). 16 J. H. van't...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2016; 463360–391 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2016.46.3.360
Published: 01 June 2016
...Axel Petit A case study of the Clausius-Williamson hypothesis sheds light on the development of the physical sciences during the nineteenth century. In the 1850s, Rudolf Clausius and Alexander William Williamson independently developed similar hypotheses at a time when physics and chemistry were...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495504–555 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.504
Published: 01 November 2019
... became the conceptual and empirical basis for the law of dilute solutions in physical chemistry, but his use of an artificial analogue to theorize the existence of the plasma membrane as distinct from the cell wall prompted debate over whether biology ought to be more closely unified with the physical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 474494–528 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.4.494
Published: 01 September 2017
... toward the expanding discipline of physical chemistry, specifically, a vision of physical chemistry indebted to Ostwald. Like the Toronto chemists, Chicago physical chemist Alexander Smith lamented high school textbooks’ overreliance on the atomic theory and promoted the use of laboratory terms. Both...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2007; 372409–434 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2007.37.2.409
Published: 01 March 2007
... enjoyed substantial autonomy in their everyday research. His own successes and failures in the .elds of physical chemistry, x-ray crystallography, and solid-state chemistry led him to re.ect upon the everyday practices of normal science and to stress the role of the ordinary rather than the revolutionary...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2013; 434391–452 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2013.43.4.391
Published: 01 September 2013
... not) in selected textbooks and monographs dealing with problems in the interdisciplinary borderland between the physical and organic dimensions of chemistry. While it appears that those on the physical side were more comfortable with such models than those on the organic side, it is also clear that...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473268–292 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.268
Published: 01 June 2017
...Alan J. Rocke In 1892, the young but already eminent physical chemist Pierre Duhem published a 64-page monograph on chemical theory. The essay comprised his first extended statement on atomic-molecular ideas in chemistry, and contained a frontal attack on the chemical atomic theory of his day...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1981; 112203–229 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757479
Published: 01 January 1981
... Sloane Ms. 4061, fol. 248. 111 Royal Society, Journal Book, 10, 192 J. L. Heilbron, "Physics at the Royal Society during Newton's presidency" 112 Sloane Ms. 1731A, fol. 154. gad freudenthal Early electricity between chemistry and physics: The simultaneous itineraries of Francis Hauksbee...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 1976; 7193–276 doi: https://doi.org/10.2307/27757357
Published: 01 January 1976
..., 18 (1962), 177–194 and 217–232 "Background of Dalton's Atomic Theory," op. cit. (note 189). Chemistry as a Branch of Physics: Laplace's Collaboration with Lavoisier BY HENRY GUERLAC* Few collaborations in the history of science can equal, for the emi nence of the two participants, that between...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473423–442 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.423
Published: 01 June 2017
... significance and the breadth of the historical figures she studies, this broad focus brings into her histories of chemistry and physics an expansive array of concerns, influences, cultural and political contexts. Of special interest to those of us whose research focuses on the history of philosophy of science...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2010; 403279–317 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2010.40.3.279
Published: 01 August 2010
... the pinch of the prestige and funding accruing to molecular biologists and biochemists. Ernst Mayr, Theodosius Dobzhansky, and George Gaylord Simpson took leading roles in defending alternatives to what they categorized as the mechanistic approach of chemistry and physics applied to living systems...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
...Heráclio D. Tavares; Alexandre Bagdonas; Antonio A. P. Videira This analysis of the scientific and academic career of the Russian-Italian physicist Gleb Wataghin, founder of the physics course at the University of São Paulo, in the richest state of Brazil, in 1934, brings to light elements present...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2004; 342207–232 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsps.2004.34.2.207
Published: 01 March 2004
... before we can exclude the possi- bility of specificities in the nucleic acids themselves. 37 It showed that the physical nature of genes can be analyzed directly in con- trast to the indirect methods of radiation and virus research, and it called for chemistry as a necessary additional tool. The...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-250–57 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.50
Published: 02 April 2020
... boundaries within the history of the physical sciences, challenging our conceptions of physics vis-a`-vis chemistry, geology, and oceanography (265 and 266). They do exclude the history of technology and engineering entirely from these reflections, but their insights apply equally well to these fields. 52...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-2129–182 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.129
Published: 02 April 2020
... fight against physical idealism, but in chemistry. The situation in chemistry was entirely unlike that in biology and physics, where the Communist Party was leading ideological campaigns against progressive trends in science, accusing scientists of idealism, formalism, and servility before the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-258–66 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.58
Published: 02 April 2020
... Hufbauer on the social support for chemistry in the German states, Robert Fox on the rise and fall of Laplacian physics, and Henry Guerlac on chemistry as a branch of physics. 3 The next three volumes, to which Lewis Pyenson and R. Steven Turner contributed as co-editors, provided additional essays on...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-25–10 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.5
Published: 02 April 2020
..., chemistry, and *Suman Seth, Cornell University, Department of Science & Technology Studies, Ithaca NY 14853, ss536@cornell.cdu The following abbreviation is used: HSPS, Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences and Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences. 1. Russell McCormmach, H. A...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-274–80 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.74
Published: 02 April 2020
... issue entitled Looking Backward, Looking Forward: HSNS at 50, edited by Erika Lorraine Milam. WhenHistorical Studies in the Physical Sciences (HSPS) first appeared, in 1969, it replaced Chymia, a history of chemistry annual published from 1948 to 1967. Given the ascendance of the history of modern...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-217–24 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.17
Published: 02 April 2020
... scientific advance- ment, the historicist philosophers in the 1970s and 1980s had little use for studies of Weimar Culture of physics, Cambridge Mathematics, Prussian Chemistry, Experimental Physics in Napoleonic France, or the birth of Caltech. In turn, those professional historians of science who were...