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pattern-recognition

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Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 49141–69 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.41
Published: 01 February 2019
... in evolution. In important synthesis articles in the mid-1950s, he summarized his conclusions about applied mathematics and natural history. They were not mere technical tools, but reflected a commitment to observation and pattern recognition as the basis of his science. Understanding these views...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485673–684 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.673
Published: 01 November 2018
... prediction emerged from subfields within applied statistics, artificial intelligence, and database management. This essay looks at representative developments within computational statistics and pattern recognition from the 1950s onward, in the United States and beyond, central to the explosion of algorithms...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503217–247 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.217
Published: 28 May 2020
... included profiles of American mathematicians, including teachers, researchers, practitioners, and puzzle-solvers, whose stories were put to paper by a variety of Monthly contributors. Although the details in each story were different, the pattern was often the same. As celebrations of Amer- ican...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 503248–301 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.3.248
Published: 28 May 2020
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2020; 501-281–89 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2020.50.1-2.81
Published: 02 April 2020
... scientific advancement had shifted. With the broader ambit came a new attentiveness to forms of data, quantitative or otherwise, collected in non-experimental settings. The forms of knowledge production it opened up included classification, categorization, and pattern recognition. This broader set of...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 495556–565 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.5.556
Published: 01 November 2019
... the Anglo- American archive of human life and death sets a precedent for a much longer pattern of counting and surveillance technologies. In her broader genealogy of self-surveillance technology, Wernimont traces the pedometer from its description in the Encyclope´die forward into the twenty- first...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494351–383 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.351
Published: 01 September 2019
... polymorphisms by means of unique patterns of restriction enzyme cutting in specific regions of DNA. Geneticists have used the term polymorphism to describe multiple forms of a single gene that exists among individuals, groups, or populations. When it comes to DNA, the polymorphisms become variations in...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 494384–419 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.4.384
Published: 01 September 2019
... Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, Public Law 92 125, 85 Stat, 16 Aug 1971. HEUR I S T I C S OF CARBON D IOX I D E PO L I T I C S | 393 would first manifest in changing migration patterns, changes in agricultural production, and more generally speaking, extreme weather. All of these consequences...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 493300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.3.300
Published: 01 June 2019
... usually taken to exclude disciplines such as history and philology and the knowledge these disciplines produce. 10.Originally proposed in the 1980s, there have been recent attempts to start reusing the term: R. Steven Turner, The Great Transition and the Social Patterns of German Science, Minerva 302...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 492117–150 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.2.117
Published: 01 April 2019
... successive discoveries that challenged theoretical speculations toward newer frontiers, the language developed for interpreting the visual patterns captured in the cloud chamber s recordings stands out as the real stable center of gravity that gave an enduring coherence to the research field. This language...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2019; 491104–115 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2019.49.1.104
Published: 01 February 2019
... conditions, see: Andrew J. Hogan, Life Histories of Genetic Disease: Patterns and Prevention in Postwar Medical Genetics (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Uni- versity Press, 2016); Ilana Lo¨wy, Imperfect Pregnancies: A History of Birth Defects and Prenatal Diagnosis (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2017...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 485616–626 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.5.616
Published: 01 November 2018
... behavioral patterns rightly belong to 33. Colin Koopman, The Algorithm and the Watchtower, The New Inquiry, 9 Sep 2015. 34. Shoshona Zuboff, Big Other: Surveillance Capitalism and the Prospects of an Infor- mation Civilization, Journal of Information Technology 30, no. 1 (2015): 75 89. 35. Mary Madden...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483300–337 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.300
Published: 01 June 2018
... Original and Primary Chemical Research JACS 125, no. 1 (2003): 1 8, on 1. 302 | H E P L ER - SM I TH singular insights of a particular chemist about structural quirks of a particular chemical. Corey thought differently. Discerning common patterns behind disparate synthetic plans, Corey began a long-term...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 483259–299 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.3.259
Published: 01 June 2018
... comparisons to prewar precedents in mathematics.6 After the Second World War, however, mathe- maticians and their sponsors reshaped the discipline s institutions, practices, problems, and pedagogy. Stories like those of Schwartz and distributions became extreme examples of a normal pattern, rather than...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 482180–222 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.2.180
Published: 01 April 2018
... mangrove De tropische natuur 23 (1934): 173 89 (article dated Jul 1935). 188 | K WA landscape, not the cultured landscape. Yet, they resemble each other in pattern and size, and this is mostly because the natural units shine through in the cultured landscape.23 The author of the original article on the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2018; 48156–109 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2018.48.1.56
Published: 01 February 2018
... proponents of a “data-driven” approach to statistical natural history—to highlight two unexpected sources of a transformative visual idiom introduced at the time: so-called spindle diagrams representing historical patterns in taxonomic diversity. The first source—which informed Bronn’s general statistical...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 473293–319 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.3.293
Published: 01 June 2017
... (Honolulu, Hawai i: Neighbor Island Consultants, May 1974), UH Manoa: Hamilton Hawaiian Library. NEOCOLON I A L I SM AND MODERN AMER I CAN AS TRONOMY | 301 environmentalist opposition had inaugurated a pattern of observatory building characterized by bureaucratization and extensive community engagement...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 472127–163 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.2.127
Published: 01 April 2017
... and Raven strove for something more synthetic, correlating butterfly food choices with phylogenetic patterns in both plants and insects.3 They claimed that butterflies would eat some plants and reject others thanks to a long history of stepwise evolutionary responses between insects and plants, a...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 471117–125 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.1.117
Published: 01 February 2017
... useful.) In a brief second chapter, he lays out a set of nine superimposed layers that he takes to comprise visual culture: pattern recognition, practical training in the arts, and other features present in very many case studies in science and technology (84). Three subsequent chapters trace the...
Journal Articles
Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences. 2017; 47142–75 doi: https://doi.org/10.1525/hsns.2017.47.1.42
Published: 01 February 2017
..., testing the strength of central emotional tenets such as patriotism and objectivity. This article uses emotional communities as a framework for exploring the push and pull between social patterns and individual choices in this critical moment in Argentina’s history, when new and powerful ideas about...